Hi everyone, welcome to our new patriotic post which would definitely worth reading. Because, today I am going to talk about our father of nation of India which is non other than Mahatma Gandhi. So, this Mahatma Gandhi Biography would give you all the information about him.
|Identity||In the Indian freedom struggle, he fought for peace and satyagraha. The Indians recognized him as the “Father of the Nation” of India. Besides, he was also an eminent politician, lawyer, social worker and writer|
|Father||Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi|
|Mother||Putlibai Karamchand Gandhi|
|Date of Birth||October 2, 1869|
|Place of birth||Porbandar, Porbandar district|
|Wife||Kasturba Mohandas Gandhi|
|Place of death||New Delhi|
|Date of death||January 30, 1948|
|Age at death||78|
|Cause of death||Nathuram Godse had shot him dead|
|Monuments of Mahatma Gandhi||Rajghat, Gandhi Smriti, etc.|
|Participated movements||Indian Independence Movement|
|Education||L. L. B. from University College London College|
|Children||Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, Devdas|
|His most notable book||The Story of My Experiments with Truth|
Introduction to Mahatma Gandhi Biography:
The British colonialists ruled many nations in the world. When the freedom struggle of each of those nations is mentioned, the name of one person comes to mind in the context of each country.
It is no wonder that the name of Mahatma Gandhi comes to mind when you mention the Indian freedom struggle.
It is said that rights are not achieved through peace, they have to be achieved through struggle.
But, such an armed movement incites violence. Therefore, Gandhiji taught us the struggle with the non-violent way of Satyagraha. Not only that, with the support of Indian citizens, he also succeeded in the freedom struggle.
Family background of Mahatma Gandhi:
Mahatma Gandhi’s parents:
Grandfather of Mohandas Gandhi, Uttamchand was the Diwan of Porbandar. He was succeeded by Karamchand Gandhi as Diwan. Like his father Uttamchand Gandhi, Karamchand was a great philosopher.
Mother of Mohandas was Putlibai and she was very religious. Performing Hindu religious rituals and fasting according to the rules.
So naturally in the development of Mohandas Gandhi, Putlibai sowed the seeds of character, while Karamchand Gandhi made him conscientious.
After ten years of schooling, he enrolled in a school near his home, attended regular school, and was an ordinary student in school. He was a very humble, fickle but very shy person.
Religious family background:
As the mother was religious, Tulsi Ramayana was recited regularly in the house of Gandhi. As a child, he was afraid of ghosts, so he learned to chant the name of Lord Rama. We also see the influence of Ramayana on his life.
Vaishnava Lord Rama devotee Laxmanacharya compiled 108 names of Shri Rama from the cantos of Sanskrit Ramayana of Adikavi Valmiki. The above hymns written by him became famous all over India due to Mahatma Gandhi.
When Mohandas was seven years old, his father Karamchand Gandhi quit his job. Karamchand Gandhi then migrated to Rajkot with Mohandas and his entire family.
He was also appointed there as Diwan of Rajkot. Mohandas and his brother Karsandas entered primary school.
Few events in the life of Mahatma Gandhi:
One day, near the house of Mohandas a man came with colorful pictures. Among the many paintings in his hand, Mohandas noticed Shravan Bal taking his blind parents on a pilgrimage in yoke. Extraordinary love of Shravan Bala for his parents had a profound effect on Mohandas.
In the same way, one day Mohandas saw the play of Satyavadi Raja Harishchandra. In the play he saw how Harishchandra is following the truth even in a very difficult situation. Watching the play he realised that truth is difficult to follow. But at the end, only those who follow the truth would win in the long run.
This may have inspired Gandhiji to follow the path of truth in the face of adversity.
Marriage of Mohandas Gandhi:
That time, Child marriage was a tradition in Indian society. Therefore, marriage of boys and girls was arranged at a very young age. So how will Mahatma Gandhi get rid of this tradition?
At the age of thirteen, Mahatma Gandhi married his mate, Kasturibai. In 1887, Mohandas Gandhi passed matriculation from the Ahmedabad center.
Education of Mahatma Gandhi:
For the graduation purpose, he entered Shyamaldas College in Bhavnagar. However, he left the college in the first semester to study law abroad. To study abroad Laxmidas arranged money who was the elder brother of Mohandas.
Putlibai Initially disagreed with the idea of sending him abroad for education. But on the promise of not having close contact with women, not eating meat, and staying away from addiction, Putlibai allowed them to go abroad.
Mahatma Gandhi’s vows to his mother-in-law enabled him to stay away from many of the lures abroad.
Despite opposition from traditional peoples, he left for the United Kingdom on September 4, 1888. He spent almost 21 years abroad. During this time, he also faced many new problems.
Activities of Mahatma Gandhi in London:
London Vegetarian Board:
Mohandas entered the Inner Temple on November 6, 1888 to study law. Mohandas became a member of the London Vegetarian Board in England. While in this circle, he wrote many articles on Hindu customs and diet.
Many scholars in that circle also experimented with diet. They considered alcohol and drugs a stigma on human civilization and the greatest enemy of mankind.
Profound Effect of Bhagavat Gita:
Mohandas Gandhi read his English translation of Ramayana by Edwin Arnold at the end of 1889. In the second chapter of the Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna describes renunciation as the best form of Dharma. This chapter had a profound effect on them.
You may have already heard that the holy scripture of Hinduism, the Bhagavad Gita, has impacted positively on many people in the world. The Bhagavad Gita seems to have had a great impact on the life of Mahatma Gandhi as well.
Study of Christian religious Holy Bible:
Mahatma Gandhi studied the Holy Bible in Christianity. Finally, on June 10, 1891, Mahatma Gandhi graduated as a barrister from the Inner Temple.
Three-year period of Mahatma Gandhi in London is considered significant. He arrived home on July 8, 1891, after the college graduation ceremony. Then, a mountain of sorrow falls on them. Because, his mother Putlibai would have died.
After that, Mohandas entered the Mumbai court to practice and study Indian law and to get familiar with Indian court. Meanwhile, he went to South Africa under an agreement with Porbandar traders. After a month of voyage, they reached Durban, South Africa.
Gandhiji lost consciousness after seeing extreme racism in Africa. He felt sorry for the victims of apartheid.
Insult of Mahatma Gandhi in Africa:
Insult during a train journey in Africa:
Gandhiji was traveling in first class coaches to go to the court of Durban. Despite showing the ticket at that time, TC forced him to go to third class. Gandhi opposed this injustice being done to him. At that point, he pushed out of the train with the luggage.
Contempt of court in Durban:
After he entered the court, the court ordered him to remove the turban. At that time, Gandhiji could not bear this insult and he left the court in the middle.
A year later, a law was passed in South Africa to abolish the suffrage of Hindi people. At that time, Gandhiji started an anti-apartheid movement in Africa to get the rights of the Hindi people.
Natal Indian Congress:
With the help of African colleagues of Mohandas, he founded the “Natal Indian Congress.” Gandhiji founded this party to solve the problems of the Hindi people in Africa and to improve relations with the white people.
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