Hello everybody, after long time I want to welcome you with special feast for patriotic readers. Today, I am going to share with you epic Bhagat Singh Biography. So, without wasting time let’s get started,
|Date of Birth||September 28, 1907|
|Place of Birth||Banga Village, Taluka: Jaranwala Taluka, District: Lyallpur, State: Punjab, British India. His birthplace is in present day Punjab, Pakistan.|
|Bhagat Singh participated in the following organizations||1) Founded Navjawan Bharat Sabha:
2) He contributed significantly to the revolutionary work in the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. He remained in the revolutionary group and carried out the following revolutionary works.
a) Scott's assassination plan:
Members involved in the conspiracy to assassinate John Sanders:
i) Shivram Rajguru, ii) Sukhdev Thapar, iii) Chandrasekhar Azad, iv) Bhagat Singh
b) On April 8, 1929, a bomb was dropped on the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi
3) Participated in Kishan Kranti Party organization
|Bhagat Singh worked in the following newspapers||1) Navjawan Bharat Patrika of Navjawan Bharat Sabha
2) Kirti is a newspaper of Kirti Keshan Party (Farmers and Workers Union)
3) Veer Arjun newspaper in Delhi
|Nicknames used||Balwant, Ranjit, Vidrohi|
|Movement||Indian Independence Movement|
Bhagat Singh quotes:
This is his thoughts written in one of his letter.
Bhagat Singh had good habits from his school days. He prayed daily morning and evening prayers and chanted Gayatri mantra. He later became a complete atheist during the Revolution. As a result, they are said to be plagued by “pride and arrogance.” But in October 1930 he wrote “Am I an Atheist?” Reading this revelation reveals the true identity of his great personality.
Unforgettable story of Bhagat Singh Biography:
On March 10, 1922, Gandhiji withdrew the Non-Cooperation Movement. Many Hindu-Muslim riots followed. After this the young revolutionaries are united to continue the fight against the British. In which Bhagat Singh was also a revolutionary. Bhagat Singh was once arrested in 1930.
While Bhagat Singh was in prison from 1930-31, he was accompanied by another prisoner, Randhir Singh, who had a strong faith in God.
Bhagat Singh’s close associates Shiv Verma and Bhagat Singh started discussing theism. Randhir Singh tried to prove the existence of God by giving many examples. But after many attempts, they did not succeed. Therefore, he addressed Bhagat Singh and said, “You are famous which has made you ego. Which stands between us and God as a black curtain.”
Why is Bhagat Singh an atheist? Is their atheism in vain by writing an essay on this? Made this clear.
Bhagat Singh was born:
Today I am trying to present to you the biography of Bhagat Singh, an Indian revolutionary. Whose name is taken in the Indian freedom struggle as a fearless and brave patriot. This adventurous revolutionary was born on September 27, 1907 in the village of Banga in the district of Lyallpur (now Faisalabad in Pakistan) in the Punjab province. He was nicknamed “Bhaganwala”.
Bhagat Singh’s family:
Kshatriyas of the famous Sandhu Jat lived in Punjab, Haryana and western Uttar Pradesh. Bhagat Singh was also from a Sandhu Jat Sikh family. Bhagat Singh’s mother’s name was Vidyavati and his father’s name was Sardar Kishan Singh. His family was always involved in politics.
His father Kishan Singh and uncle were Ghadar members of Lala Har Dayal Singh Mathur and Kartar Singh Sarabha. It is noteworthy that even at the time of Bhagat Singh’s birth, he had recently escaped from Karavas due to agitation.
Bhagsingh’s grandfather Arjun Singh was a participant in Swami Dayanand Saraswati’s Hindu reform movement. Arjun Singh was also a member of the Arya Samaj.
Some members of his family had joined the army of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Some family members are involved in social work. Therefore, the torch of patriotism was automatically lit in Bhagat Singh as a whole.
Sardar Kishan Singh was a Gandhian thinker. Therefore, in the beginning, Bhagat Singh was also influenced by Gandhi’s non-violent movements.
Bhagat Singh’s Education:
Bhagat Singh received his high school education at Dayanand Anglo Vedic High School. This high school was run by the prevalent Arya Samaj in modern Hinduism. Mahatma Gandhi called for a boycott of institutions dependent on government grants.
Bhagat Singh’s grandfather Arjun Singh did not approve of the loyalty of the people at Khalsa High School in Lahore to the British government. Which caused Bhagat Singh to stop pursuing his further education.
After the Chaura-Chauri incident in 1922, Mahatma Gandhi withdrew the non-cooperation movement. With the withdrawal of this movement, many young revolutionaries wondered how to fight the next movement. The young freedom fighters led to the formation of a group of extremist revolutionaries. Bhagat Singh’s father released him on bail.
His father thinks that Bhagat Singh should run a dairy business and marry his favorite girl named Manewali. However, Bhagat Singh flatly refused and assured that he would not force her to remarry in future. Bhagat Singh came to Lahore after writing a letter at home. He wrote in the letter that patriotism comes first in his life. Thereafter, he decided to dedicate his entire life to the Indian freedom struggle.
Bhagat Singh then entered the National College with the intention of studying the European revolutionary movements. However, after Mahatma Gandhi withdrew the non-cooperation movement, Bhagat Singh became disillusioned with Gandhi’s non-violent struggle. After that, however, Bhagat Singh adopted an aggressive stance and started an armed violent movement.
Bhagat Singh’s freedom struggle:
At the age of twelve, he saw the Jallianwala Bagh massacre complex. At that time, it was as if they were gathering strength for anti-British campaigns.
At the Gurudwara, “Nankana Sahib” or “Saka Nanakana”, the Britishers sent more than 260 Sikhs to
He then joined the anti-murder movement at the age of 14.
At a very young age, at the age of 13, realizing the importance of independence, he began to oppose the British monarchy. His slogan “Inquilab Zindabad” is still famous in India.
He took an active part in many violent agitations against British political humiliation. Which often led to his imprisonment. But, I am trying to present to you two violent anti-British movements in his life.
First violence against the British:
The group “Young Italy” was founded by Joseph Mazzini, a popular leader in Italy and the cause of the revolution in Italy. Bhagat Singh founded the “Naujawan Bharat Sabha” (Youth Society of India) in 1926.
Similarly, he joined the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association and carried out anti-British activities. There Bhagat Singh met many revolutionaries including Chandrasekhar Azad, Ramprasad Bismil, Sukhdev, Rajguru, Ashfaqullah Khan, etc.
He was arrested in May 1927 in connection with the October 1926 bombing. He was later released from prison a few weeks later.
Karl Marx’s Marxist theory in which the struggle between the capitalist and the working class is eventually revolutionized and the working class wins. Bhagat Singh had full faith in this theory. So, after escaping from the tax for the bomb blast case in 1927, he worked as a writer and editor in revolutionary newspapers in Punjabi and Urdu.
In November 1927, seven British MPs were sent to India to study constitutional reforms. The group was also responsible for recommending the government. This commission was named as Statutory Commission. However, after the chairmanship of Sir John Simon, this commission was known as the Simon Commission.
Lala Lajpat Rai’s rallies:
Popular Indian nationalist leader Lala Lajpat Rai marched non-violently against the Simon Commission. However, Lala Lajpat Rai was severely beaten by British Superintendent of Police James Scott. Lala Lajpat Rai died at the hospital two weeks later.
Revenge of Lalaji’s death:
To avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai in December 1928, Bhagat Singh along with his trusted associates plotted to assassinate James Scott. Shivram Rajguru, Sukhdev Thapar, Chandrasekhar Azad and Bhagat Singh were involved in this conspiracy.
When the assassination was planned, he killed H.P. S. R. A. He took Rajguru working in the organization with him. Rajguru was a skilled shooter in the organization. So due to Shivram Rajguru’s accurate shooting, Sanders fell to the ground in the first shot. Singh then fired seven shots at John Sanders. The post-mortem report also revealed that a total of eight bullets were fired. Lacking a true identity, he mistakenly replaced James Scott with John P. Sanders, a 21-year-old British police officer, was killed.
Indian police constable Chanan Singh then tried to chase Bhagat Singh and Rajguru. But Chandrashekhar Azad was one of his accomplices in the assassination. They also shot and killed the chasing Chanan Singh.
A warrant was issued for the arrest of all in connection with the massacre in Lahore, British India. He fled to continue his anti-British activities.
After the assassination attempt on the course, HSRA members put up posters all over Lahore to show that Sanders was their target. He also mentioned in the posters that he did this to avenge Lalaji’s death.
Second violence against the British:
Only a brave patriot like Bhagat Singh can commit another act of violence committed. Bhagat Singh along with his accomplice Batukeshwar Dutt went to the Central Assembly in Delhi and dropped the bomb on April 8, 1929. Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw bombs on empty benches in the hope that there would be no loss of life while bombing in Parliament. The purpose of the bombing was not to kill but to protest against the Defense of India Act. Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt surrendered after the attack.
Gandhi’s followers vehemently opposed the violent agitations carried out by young revolutionaries like Bhagat Singh. However, Bhagat Singh was convinced that the armed struggle against the British rule was the key to freedom. Bhagat Singh inspired thousands of revolutionaries for agitation.
Bhagat Singh’s hobbies:
Bhagat Singh had a special interest in reading. Sachindranath Sanyal’s Bandi Jeevan is probably the first book to affect him. He had read Oscar Wilde’s “Vash the Navilist”, Kropotkin’s “Memoirs”, the characters of Mazzini and Garibalti, and many other books by Walter, Russo, and Bakunin. From this, it is understood that Bhagat Singh’s reading obsession was very strong.
The list of books he read was huge, including Victor Hugo’s La Misरेrable, Holken’s Eternal City, Upton Sinclair’s Cry for Justice, Rospin’s What Never Happened, and Gargi’s Mother.
He had read the character of Mazini written by the moneylender. He studied the literature of Lenin, Marx, Tolstoy, Gargi and Bakunin in order to build a communist society and a capable society free from exploitation. He had read the character of the French revolutionary Villant.
If there is to be a revolution, then the mentality of the society should be formed in that direction and for that to happen, the spread of Kranti Vadmaya is inevitable, he said. He had studied the characters of many patriots in the country and abroad and many books on social revolution.
Bhagat Singh’s death:
Bhagat Singh’s violent actions in the fight against the British Empire literally put the British government to sleep.
He was tried after the bomb blast in the Central Assembly. Meanwhile, they revolted and disrupted the operation. After he was found guilty, he was sentenced to life imprisonment.
During the investigation into Sanders’ murder, British police officers found Bhagat Singh’s connection. As a result, action was taken against them. During this operation, Bhagat Singh started a fast. The operation also arrested Sukhdev and Rajguru, two other accomplices involved in Sanders’ murder. Eventually, the court sentenced Bhagat Singh and his associates to death.
On March 24, 1931, the three revolutionaries were ordered to be hanged. However, the day before, on March 23, 1931, all three were sentenced to death.
There were mixed reactions from India after his death. His supporters considered him a unique revolutionary who sacrificed for the country with a smile. So, people of Gandhian thought considered him an extremist and a troubled person in search of freedom.
Though people think differently about him, there is no doubt that his contribution to the Indian freedom struggle was significant.
At just 23 years of age, he was sentenced to death.
Movies on Bhagat Singh:
The Legend of Bhagat Singh:
Bhagat Singh’s life is portrayed in the Bollywood film “The Legend of Bhagat Singh”. The film was based on Bhagat Singh along with other revolutionaries of the Hindustan Republican Association. Popular actor Ajay Devgan has played the lead role in this film. He was accompanied by Sushant Singh, d. Santosh Akhilendra Mishra has played other important roles. In the supporting role, Amrita Rao, Raj Babbar and Farida Jalal are the characters.
Bhagat Singh was a witness to the Jallianwala Bagh massacre that took place on. Along with this incident, the history of Bhagat Singh’s life stands before us through this film. The film was produced in 2002 by Ramesh Thor and Kumar’s Tips Industries with a budget of around 2 2.2 million. Ramesh Torani and Kumar participated in the production of the film.
The story of this film is written by Santoshi and the dialogue is written by Piyush Mishra. The screenplay is by Anjum Rajwali. Of cinematography. V. Edited by Anand while V. N. Mayekar did. The design has been done by Nitin Chandrakant Desai. The film was shot in Mumbai, Pune, Agra, Manali between January and May 2002.
Famous songs of the legends of Bhagat Singh:
The song “Mera Rang De Basanti” and “Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna” by Sarfarosh Sarfarosh Sarfaroya has been composed by AR Rahman. Earned.
The film won the Best Picture award in Hindi cinema. Similarly, Ajay Devgn was honored with the Best Actor award and the film won three Filmfare Awards. Bhagat Singh was acquainted with the atrocities of the East India Company on Indians from an early age.
Along with Thapat, Bhagat Singh and Rajguru also went on a 63-day fast at the Central Jail in Lahore to improve the situation under Indian law.
Meanwhile, Chandrasekhar Azad, a revolutionary, killed himself with the last bullet of his pistol to prevent him from falling into the hands of the British police. His suicide supported the revolutionary movement, while the police investigated Bhagat Singh’s involvement in Saunders’ assassination.
The Indian freedom fighters had hoped that Gandhiji would make an agreement with Lord Irwin for the release of Bhagat Singh Sukhdev and Rajguru, but if Gandhiji flatly refused to do so, Gandhiji would refuse to sign the agreement if the following changes were made.
“Release of political prisoners involved in violence”
So after the demise of these three revolutionaries, this incident sparked many controversies. Whether Mahatma Gandhi could have freed Bhagat Singh Sukhdev and Rajguru became a matter of debate. Though the views of Mahatma Gandhi and the extremist young revolutionaries were different, their goals were the same
Bhagat Singh was a staunch Indian socialist revolutionary. During his career, he carried out two major violent revolutionary activities. He was sentenced to death by the British government on March 23, 1931, after the Second Revolution. But he was hanged on March 23, 1931, one day before the due date. Bhagat Singh’s revolutionary work made him a hero of the Indian independence movement.
After throwing Bombay, these revolutionaries rained leaflets on the MLAs from the gallery and announced Inquilab Zindabad. Due to the growing popularity of Bhagat Singh all over India after his arrest, the police investigated his involvement in the murder of the Center. He was later tried in court. Meanwhile, he joined the fast of Jitendra Das. The hunger strike was to provide better facilities for Indian political prisoners. Bhagat Singh’s participation in the fast earned him social recognition.
Jawaharlal Nehru, one of the great leaders of the time, writes of him, “Bhagat Singh became popular not because of his violent actions but because he was a murderer, for Lala Lajpat Rai’s movements and for the country’s reputation through him.
It became a symbol, the law was forgotten, the symbol was left behind, and within a few months, every town and village in the Punjab, as well as the rest of northern India, changed its name.
Singh was an atheist and a socialist in his life, his communist and southern, but he also became a supporter of the nationalist party. ”
The household consisted mainly of Hindu and Sikh family members. Khatlam Kalan is a noble village of Bhagat Singh in Nawanshahr district which is known today as Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar.
Swaraj Singh died in Lahore in 1910 after his release from prison, while Ajit Singh was forced into exile due to a court case.
The staff at the lower high school where Bhagat Singh’s children were going were loyal to the British. So he refused to go to this high school. Singh left for Kanpur to avoid marriage.
The British got involved in the Lahore bombing case in October 1926 to curb Bhagat Singh’s growing faith and influence over the youth. He was released on bail after paying a fine of Rs 5,000 five weeks later.
According to doctors, Lalaji may have died early due to the growth on his body. Lalaji died of a heart attack. When the issue was raised in the United Kingdom Parliament, the British government was told that the government had no role in his death.
Nehru’s thoughts on Bhagat Singh:
Numerous songs were composed about him and the popularity he gained is unique. HSRA members vowed to avenge Lalaji’s death.
Superintendent of Police James Scott ordered the baton charge to disperse a large crowd led by Lalaji. Lalaji was seriously injured by the baton charge, but was later beaten personally by James Scott.
Bhagat Singh entered the National High School in Lahore to study literature, where he highlighted the problems in Punjab in 1923 at the Hindi Sahitya Sammelan and won the essay competition.
Bhagat Singh was a socialist revolutionary. R. A. The renaming of h. S. R. A. They should play an important role in doing.
Hindu-Muslim riots broke out after Gandhiji stopped the non-cooperation movement. This had a profound effect on Bhagat Singh’s religious thinking.
Digesting this truth, he gave up such religious beliefs. If a religious belief is a hindrance to the freedom struggle, it is better to give it up. He studied the biographies of atheist revolutionaries such as Bakunin, Lenin and Trotsky in order to inspire revolutionary work. He also likes Soham Swami’s book Common Sense.
Before I end the biography following lines of Kusumagraj seem meaningful while paying homage to Bhagat Singh. Bhagat Singh’s thoughts were very valuable, he used to say,
Original words: “जरी न गातील भाट डफावर तुझे यशोगान, सफल जाहले तुझेच हे रे, तुझेच बलिदान!”
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* Note: The name of Lyallpur district has been changed to Faisalabad in 1979.
Featured image credit: Wikimedia, Source: Ramnath Photographers, Delhi