Hello Guys, today, I am going to share with you comprehensive article on Indian Freedom Fighters.
I have written this article sequentially considering Historical Periods in mind. All Indian freedom fighters will be listed according to Ancient, Medieval and Modern period.
List of indian Freedom Fighters
- Introduction to Indian Freedom Fighters
- Sher Shah Suri
- Sri Krishnadevaraya
- Maharana Pratap
- Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
- Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj
- Tatya Tope
- Nana saheb:
- Rajarshi Shahu Maharaj:
- Kunwar Singh:
- Bal Gangadhar Tilak:
- Veerapandiya Kattabomman:
- Mangal Pandey:
- Ashfaqullah Khan:
- Bipin Chandra Pal:
- Chandrashekhar Azad:
- Hakim Ajmal Khan:
- Chittaranjan Das:
- Sidhu Murm and Kanhu Murm:
- Birsa Munda:
- Surya Sen:
- Subramanian Bharti:
- Dadabhai Nauruji:
- Jawaharlal Nehru:
- Rasbihari Bose:
- Lala Har Dayal:
- Lala Lajpat Rai:
- Mahadev Govind Ranade
- Mahatma Gandhi
- Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad:
- Motilal Nehru:
- Ram Manohar Lohia:
- Ram Prasad Bismil:
- Ram Singh Kooka:
- Ras Bihari Bose:
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel:
- Bhagat Singh:
- Shivram Rajguru:
- Subhash Chandra Bose:
- Sukhdev Thapar
- Surendranath Banerjee
- Alluri Sitaram Raju
- Vinayak Damodarao Savarkar:
- Bhim Sen Sachar:
- Acharya Kripalani:
- Arun Asaf Ali:
- Jitendra Mohan Sengupta:
- Madan Mohan Malviya:
- Pandit Balakrishna Sharma:
- E. M. S. Nambudaripath:
- Sagarmal Gopa:
- Damodar Hari Chafeker:
- Balakrishna Hari Chafekar:
- Baba Gurdit Singh:
- Udham Singh:
- Shyamji Krishna Verma:
- Ganesh Shankar Vidhyarthi:
- Bhulabhai Desai:
- Vitthalbhai Patel:
- Gopinath Bardoloi:
- Acharya Narendra Dev:
- C. Rajagopalachari:
- J. P. Narayan:
- Champakaraman Pillai:
- Champaran Thampi:
- T. Kumaran:
- B. R. Ambedkar:
- V. B. Phadake:
- Senapati Bapat:
- Rajendra Lahari:
- Roshan Singh:
- Jatin Das:
- Madan Lal Dhingra:
- Kartar Singh Sarabha:
- V. O. Chidambaram:
- Kittar Chennamma:
- K. M. Munshi:
- Garimela Satyanarayan:
- N. G. Ranga:
- U. Tirot Singh:
- Abdul Hafiz Mohammad Barkatullah:
- Mahadev Desai:
- Praphulla Chaki:
- Bhagwati Charan Vohra:
- Bhai Balmukund:
- Sohan Singh Josh:
- Sohan Singh Bhakna:
- C. F. Andrews:
- Tarak Nath Das:
- Bhupendra Nath Datta:
- Maruthu Pandyaar:
- Shambhu Dutt Sharma:
- Manmath Nath Gupta:
- Batukeshwar Dutt:
- Ganesh Ghosh:
- Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee:
- Barindra Kumar Ghosh:
- Hemchandra Kanungo:
- Bhavbhushan Mitra:
- Binod Bihari Chaudhary:
- Shaukat Ali:
- S. Satyamurti:
- Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan:
- Swami Vivekananda:
- Maulana Hasrat Mohani:
Introduction to Indian Freedom Fighters
In the same vein from the earliest times in Indian history, there have been many foreign invasions on India.
Those Indian Freedom Fighters fought against foreign invaders without caring about their lives. Here I am going to share History of those prominent Indian freedom fighters.
The Ancient Indian freedom fighters
King Puru of Paurava Kingdom is famous for the battle of Hydaspes. This war was fought between Alexander (Alexander), and Puru.
It is one of the most important wars in Indian history. Although the result of this war isn’t clearly known in evidence.
However, Alexander is considered as the winner of the war. If Sikandar was the winner, then he would definitely encourage his army.
In short, he would have continued his campaign to capture India. On the other hand, his army feared and got subsidence.
Above all, his army requested Sikandar to return to their homeland. Therefore, Paurav Emperor Puru acknowledged as one of the courageous Indian freedom fighters.
Chandragupta was established the largest empire of India which called as “Mauryan Empire”. He was from those Ancient Indian freedom fighters who fought to make India invaders free.
Chandragupta Maurya launched an incessant India campaign under the guidance of Acharya Chanakya. Chanakya knew that the foreign invaders like Alexander intended to capture India.
If India wants to withstand foreign invasion, then India needs to have a separate unitary kingdom
Chandragupta Maurya worked to idolize in reality Chanakya’s thought. He conquered the kingdom of Magadha by killing Magadha King Dhanananda, proud, greedy and selfish.
Chandragupta succeeded in proposing a united country in India by extending the empire to the west and north.
Chandragupta killed greedy and proud, selfish Magadha King Dhanananda. As a result, capture the throne of Magadh.
He spread the boundaries of his kingdom in the North and Western region. He was one of the successful Indian freedom fighters who achieved many of his goal during reign.
He played crucial role after the decline of Mauryan Empire. Pushyamitra fought with Bactrian Greeks and repulsed them out from the border of India.
Indian History does not give prominence to Pushyamitra, but he also one of the remarkable Indian freedom fighters.
During the of 1st and 2nd century C.E. Satavahan kings ruled over the Deccan. Gautamiputra Satkarni, the Satavahan king who was in the second century C.E.
He fought to liberate India from slavery. He was so mighty above all, he expelled all foreign invaders outside India’s borders.
Because of this brave Indian freedom fighters, Indian subcontinent remained isolated from outside attackers for almost eight centuries.
Because of his significant achievement, India remained free from foreign invasions for nearly eight centuries.
After that about eight centuries later, Mahmud of Ghazni attacked India. For instance, in the eleventh century CE, he looted immense wealth from India.
The motive behind his invasion was to plunder Indian wealth. He did not give priority to imperialism.
Subsequently, in the twelfth century AD, Mohammad Ghori invaded India. The purpose behind his invasion was to rob the wealth of India as well as to rule over India.
He is considered a symbol of bravery, courage, and integrity in India. He countered strongly to the invasion of Muhammad Ghori.
However, in the third battle, Muhammad Ghori had defeated Prithviraj Chauhan. But, still he fought three battles for motherland which made him one of real Indian freedom fighters.
After that victory of Muhammad Ghori, Prithviraj was imprisoned and taken to Ghazni. Then, Ghori made him blind and tortured a lot.
According to Prithviraj Ravso, there was a court poet Chand Bardai. Because of him, Prithviraj Chauhan had succeeded in killing Mohammed Ghori.
Though, he result of battle not in favor of Prithviraj Chauhan, but still he fought for our motherland. So, he was last Hindu Indian freedom fighters who ruled Delhi throne.
Dynasties of Delhi Sultanate
The sultanate began in Delhi after the defeat of Prithviraj Chauhan. Subsequently, the dynasties of Khilji, Slave / Ilbari / Mamelyuk / Ghulam, Tughlaq, Saeed, Lodi ruled over the throne of Delhi.
Babar established the Mughal Empire after defeating the last sultan Ibrahim Lodi.
Indian freedom fighters during Medieval Times
Sher Shah Suri
Though he was Pathan came from outside of India. They stayed for longer period in India. So, eventually after few generations they also assumed as Indians.
Sher Shah Suri of the Suri family managed to overthrow the Mughal dynasty and show the way to their homeland.
As Mughals was new foreign invaders of time. Therefore, Sher Shah Suri also recognized as one of Indian freedom fighters.
But, Humayun succeeded in regaining Delhi’s throne after the death of his son Islam Shah Suri.
Son of Humayun, Akbar came on the throne of Delhi when he was only six years old. Akbar defeated powerful enemies like Hemu.
Akbar had swept up the shawl of sympathy of the Indian Hindu kings over his cruelty. Especially with the support of those Hindu Kings, Akbar succeeded in imperialism over India.
Sri Krishnadevaraya was the Powerful Emperor from South India. He ruled for 20 years on the Historical Kingdom of Vijayanagara.
In his reign Vijayanagara on its peak in different fields like Literature work, Arts, Architectural Designs, etc.
In addition, Vijayanagara was one of the Prosperous historical city in India. Also, It’s well-known for Amazing Architectural Designs of Temples.
Powerful kingdom, Vijayanagara remained free from foreign invaders for almost three centuries (1336 C.E. to 1646 C.E.).
Sri Krishnadevaraya was the most mighty Emperor of that kingdom. So, Sri Krishnadevaraya was great Indian freedom fighters who ruled largest kingdom in his time.
He was the king of Mewar. Maharana Pratap fought against a powerful and ambitious emperor like Akbar.
Akbar often tried to win Mewar with his military might. But the independent ruler Maharana Pratap sacrificed everything and maintained his kingdom.
In short, until the end, Akbar never won the whole area of Mewar Empire. After Akbar’s death, his son Jahangir got the throne of Delhi.
After that, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb ruled over Delhi. The Marathas continued the struggle initiated by the Rajput kings during Mughal ruler Aurangzeb.
Therefore, he was recognized as one of the main Indian freedom fighters who became rebel against the Akbar.
The Founding Father of Swarajya (Self-government), Shri Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj laid the foundation of the Maratha Empire.
Big enemies surrounded his kingdom. Above all, he retained his kingdom free in such antagonistic situations.
He fought against dominant powers like Mughals, Adilshah, Nizamshah, Siddhi of Janjariya, Portuguese, and English.
He recognized the importance of Fortresses and tried to win them. Shivaji Maharaj is known for his unique administration, guerrilla warfare techniques, and farsightedness.
He was recognized as brave freedom fighter of India during the Medieval times. So, he was known as ideal ruler and greatest one of the Indian freedom fighters of all time.
Sambhaji Maharaj defended Swarajya after the untimely death of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
Most importantly, he damaged foreign invaders like Aurangzeb, Portuguese, Siddhi, English. The southern campaign of Sambhaji Maharaj was very much successful.
But unfortunately, due to the conspiracy of close relatives, he gets captured into the hands of the Mughals.
He was tortured and killed at the behest of Aurangzeb. Although his reign was short, his work was extraordinary.
Therefore he was not just one of the Indian freedom fighters but also protector of his Dharma. So he ideally known as Dharmaveer Sambhaji Maharaj.
modern Indian freedom fighters
As I said there was countless Indian freedom fighters contributed to liberate India. If you remember any freedom fighter that everyone should know about.
Then, you can comment on such freedom fighters mentioning the name and the information. Here I am going to share with you a list of Indian Freedom Fighters that I think contributed much for India.
Born: 1814, Died: April 18, 1859
In the Indian War of Independence, the contribution of Tatya Tope was incomparable. He served as the commander-in-chief of the Indian Army in the rise of 1857.
The enormous leadership skills of Tatya Tope forced the British general Windham to retreat. He helped the queen Laxmibai to save Jhansi from the Britishers, but his efforts failed.
After the capture of Jhansi by Britishers, the Tatya Tope helped Laxmibai to capture Gwalior Fort. He led thousands of Indian freedom fighters during the first war of independence.
Born: May 19, 1824, Died: 1857 Nana Saheb led Indian freedom fight in the revolt of 1857.
The defeat of the British army in Kanpur gave the revolutionaries a new hope of independence. Nana Saheb was a skilled leader.
He led about 20,000 soldiers in the uprise of 1857. He was one of the strongest Indian freedom fighters during the revolt of 1857.
During the reign of Rajarshi Shahu Maharaj, there was British rule in India. Shahu Maharaj did many social reformations even though he had limited powers during his time.
But, Shahu Maharaj made good use of it for Indian society. He did numerous tasks such as building dams, development in the industrial sector, development in the arts and sports fields, educating the backward community, etc.
To made social reforms in adverse situation is battle itself. So. I listed him as one of the great social activist and Indian freedom fighters.
Born: November 1777, Died: April 26, 1858 Kunwar Singh led the Indian Army contingent. Above all, he was an expert in guerrilla warfare.
Also, Kunwar Singh participated in the Indian independence struggle regardless of his age.
Most Noteworthy, he was about 80 years old when he led the army in this fight. Kunwar Singh was known for his indomitable courage and bravery.
He struggled with the idea of freedom for his beloved motherland. Kunwar Singh had defeated British Captain army of Le Grand.
Hence, I think he might be one of oldest or most aged Indian freedom fighters.
Born: July 23, 1856, Died: August 1, 1920
“Swarajya (Self-Government) is my birth right, and I will attain it!” He was known for such a roaring. Tilak was one of the prominent Indian freedom fighters during British Raj.
Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak was known for his rebellious nature from an early age. If something went wrong, he couldn’t bear it. Even he could not bear Britisher’s injustice on the Indians.
Therefore, he launched the Kesari newspaper to raise his voice against this unjust regime.
Besides, he started new schools as part of the uprising against British rule. Lal-Bal-Pal was known as three pillars in Freedom struggle.
Here, Bal was known as Bal Gangadhar Tilak. All Indians considered him their leader. So he got the title called “Lokmanya.”
He was one of the powerful poligar in Poligar war. In the battle British-Muslim combined forces attacked the group of regional poligars.
Kattabomman was one of the Indian freedom fighters who sacrifice his life with his associates.
Born: July 19, 1827, Died: April 8, 1857 Mangal Pandey’s contribution is essential to start the rise of the struggle of independence.
He began firing on the English officers to boost the confidence of the Indian soldiers. Moreover, He used to catch the British officers secretly.
The attack which he initiated is considered to be the beginning of the war of independence.
Born: October 5, 1969, died: December 29, 1969
He was an essential revolutionary carrying out the revolutionary activities of the Hindustan Republican Association.
He tried to raise funds for the organization. To raise funds, he joined the Kakori conspiracy.
He did this robbery, along with other accomplices. But, one passenger was unintentionally killed in this robbery.
The British government declared it a homicide and ordered to take immediate action on these revolutionaries.
Therefore, ten months after this order, Ashfaqullah Khan was arrested in Delhi. After that, The British government sentenced him to death.
He considered as one of the important Indian freedom fighters who participated in HRA.
Bipin Chandra Pal:
Born: November 7, 1858, Died: May 20, 1932
Bipin Chandra Pal was a renowned freedom fighter of India. Firstly, Pal was a member of the Indian National Congress.
Furthermore, he had tried very hard to boycott foreign goods. He was Bipin Chandra Pal of three pillars named as Lal-Bal-Pal.
Because of his revolutionary thinking, he is called the father of revolutionary thinking.
In Independence struggle of India he was part of three pillars Lal-Bal-Pal. These three personalities played significant role in reforming the thinking of Indian freedom fighters.
Born: July 23, 1906, Died: February 27, 1931
Chandrashekhar Azad restructured the “Hindustan Socialist Republican Association” along with Bhagat Singh and other allies. Azad was known for braveness during the revolution.
Bhagat Singh was his best friend. He was wounded in the confrontation with the English police at Alfred Park.
During the clash, he killed some policemen. He swore that never to fell into the hands of the British police.
He kept that vow till the end. Therefore he recognized as one of the fearless Indian freedom fighters.
Hakim Ajmal Khan:
Born: February 11, 1868, Died: December 29, 1927
Before the Indian independence war, Hakim Ajmal Khan was a professionally a doctor. In the year 1920, he founded Jamia Milla Islamia University.
Moreover, he participated in the Khilafat movement along with other Muslim allies. Maulana Azad and Shaukat Ali were his partners in the campaign.
Hence, he become of one of the vital leader among Muslim Indian freedom fighters.
Born: November 5, 1869, Died: June 16, 1925
Chittaranjan Das made his invaluable contribution to the national movement. He established the Swarajya Party and tried to seek political independence.
Chittaranjan Das was among exceptional Indian freedom fighters who also did his professional career as a lawyer.
Arvind Ghosh needed to be expelled from the British criminal offense against him. Here, credit goes to Chittaranjan Das for defending Ghosh in that case.
He had often guided Subhash Chandra Bose. Subhash Chandra Bose was his best friend. Because of this, Subhash Chandra Bose and Chittaranjan Das are called Deshabandhu.
Sidhu Murm and Kanhu Murm:
In revolt Santal group of Jharkhand had done a great job. Sidhu Murm and Kanhu Murm had led some 10,000 Santals peoples.
Above all, He had rebelled against British colonialism. Santal Movement is considered to be a successful movement in the uprising of 1857.
These brothers are furious Indian freedom fighters who blown away the sleep of British.
To capture Sidhu and Kanhu, the British government had issued a reward of around Rs. 10,000. To sum up, it shows how dangerous he was for British rule.
Born: November 15, 1975, Died: June 9, 1900
He was famous for being a religious leader. He recognized that the religious beliefs of the Indians could be useful in the movements.
Furthermore, he used the faith of God and the trust of people on him. Birsa Munda was using the guerrilla warfare techniques in their combat.
Due to his sudden attack, the English army was in turmoil. But unfortunately one of the courageous Indian freedom fighters gets caught.
He was captured in the year 1900 along with his troops. The British government convicted him and imprisoned him in Ranchi.
He had led the armed forces. During his career, he had revolutionized the thoughts of many young people.
He was one of the Indian freedom fighters who well known for their revolutionary works. He also had raided the police force and collected weapons.
He had found arms of police forces in Chittagong. He used these weapons to carry out further missions.
He made an invaluable contribution to Indian literature. Subramaniam Bharti had inspired thousands of freedom fighters who fought for freedom.
In his writing, we find a sense of patriotism. In 1908, the British government issued a warrant to arrest Subramanian Bharti.
So he had to seek refuge in Puducherry. He continued his further revolutionary activities from Puducherry. Subramanian Bharti was a member of the Indian National Congress.
He was contributory in establishing the Indian National Congress. Most noteworthy, he was the first Indian MP during British rule (MP).
Also, his book contains detailed information on British colonialism and its intentions. This book shows us the plan of Britishers to plunder Indian wealth.
Firstly, he was one of the most influential leaders in the pre-independence war in India.
Also, he wrote the book named “Discovery of India.” Jawaharlal Nehru was very dear to young children. Therefore, children were affectionately referred to him as “Chacha Nehru.”
He was among the Indian freedom fighters who also worked as leader after Independence. Besides, he became the first Prime Minister of Independent India.
During his career, he had adopted the method of planning for the economic development of independent India.
He was one of the young Indian freedom fighters, whose work had a significant impact on the English rule.
He gave the Britishers the taste of foreign-made drugs. Finally, at the age of 19, He had to make sacrifices.
Lala Har Dayal:
He united in hundreds of tribes in the Indian War of Independence. Lala Har Dayal also urged these tribes to fight against the Britishers.
Also, he served as the editor of the Bande Mataram. He organized the Paris Indian Society founded Bande Mataram in 1909.
Lala Lajpat Rai:
He was a member of the Indian National Congress. Lala Lajpat Rai was one of the most important members of the Indian National Congress.
Besides, he protested strongly against the Simon Commission. During this time, Superintendent of Police James Scott attacked him and along with other activists.
Lalaji had seriously injured in the attack. As a result, he died in this attack.
Mahadev Govind Ranade
He was professionally a Judge. Additionally, Mahadev Ranade was the founder of the INC. Primarily, he worked as a judge in the High Court of Mumbai.
Mahadev Ranade also worked as a social reformer. He tried to stop the unfair practices of the society. He contributed to widow remarriage and women empowerment.
First of all, he used the methods of peace, truth, non-violence to protest. He had participated in many movements.
Also, his Dandi yatra was a famous protest in the Indian War of Independence. Before independence, Gandhi had led many such campaigns.
So, he was considered the one of the most crucial Indian freedom fighters. Because his path has helped a lot for India in the end.
Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad:
He participated in many movements. Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad was known as a great revolutionary.
Abdul Kalam Azad was a member of the Indian National Congress. He was the president of the 35th conference in 1923. He was the youngest president activist at this conference.
He was the father of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the Prime Minister of Independent India. He was a prominent freedom fighter.
Motilal Nehru was a member of the Indian National Movement. He was one of the leading leaders of the Indian National Congress.
Pandit Nehru also participated in the non-cooperation movement of Mahatma Gandhi against the British Empire. He arrested for his protest in the campaign.
Ram Manohar Lohia:
He was an active member of the Indian Independence Movement. Ram Manohar Lohia was a member of the Congress Socialist Party.
He also worked in radio broadcasting secret messages of Congress against the British rule.
Ram Prasad Bismil:
He was one of the revolutionaries who were ready to sacrifice life for India’s freedom struggle. Ram Prasad Bismil served as the president of the Hindustan Republican Association.
He was involved in a famous Kakori robbery plan in the War of Independence. He was an essential member of the group to carry out the incident.
A passenger in the robbery died suddenly. Ram Prasad Bismil, along with his accomplices, were convicted and sentenced to death.
Ram Singh Kooka:
Renowned social reformer Ramsing Kooka refused to use British goods and services. Therefore, he was known as the first Indian to launch a Non-Cooperation Movement.
Furthermore, He realized the importance of social reforms in the anti-British movements. So, he gave importance to social changes.
Ras Bihari Bose:
He was involved in organizing the Gadar Rebellion and the Indian National Army.
Ras Bihari Bose played an essential role in persuading the Japanese army to assist in the Indian independence war.
He was among the revolutionaries who attempted to assassinate the governor, Lord Hardinge.
He was professionally a lawyer. Another, Vallabhbhai Patel was known as the “Iron Man” of India.
However, he quit his business to liberate the country from British rule. He played an active role in the Bardoli Satyagraha. He helped to make the most of the state in India.
As Deputy Prime Minister of Independent India, he played an essential role in the unification of India.
Along with his friend Chandrasekhar Azad and other colleagues, he founded the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association.
Above all, Bhagat Singh threw a bomb in the assembly to wake up the British government. Most Noteworthy thing is that Bhagat Singh’s intention was not to kill anyone in the assembly hall.
He only wants to make the realization to Britishers for the injustice they had done on Indians.
Finally, He sentenced to death at the age of 30. Bhagat Singh is considered a symbol of courage, bravery, and sacrifice in India.
His sacrifice to the country is still making every Indian aware of their responsibility towards the country.
He was a close friend of Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev. Rajguru was an essential member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association.
He joined in a plan to kill James Scott to avenge Lalaji’s death. James Scott was responsible for the death of Lalaji.
But, in this case, James Superintendent of Police James Sanders was accidently assassinated.
Subhash Chandra Bose:
Subhash Chandra Bose was a popular leader in India. Therefore, he was called Netaji.
Firstly, He was the leader of the Congress Youth Association. Also, he was elected president of the Indian National Congress from 1937 to 1939.
Furthermore, he established the National Armed Forces. Additionally, he inspired many young freedom fighters.
Quotes of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose:
- “Let’s go to Delhi.”
- “You give me blood; I will give you freedom!”
He acted as an associate of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru. Also, he was a member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association.
Sukhdev and his other comrades were also involved in the murder of John Sanders. As a result, Sukhdev, along with friend Bhagat Singh, Rajguru were also arrested. At the age of 8, he sentenced to death.
He considered as the lighthouse of Indian politics. Surendranath Banerjee was the founder of the Indian Liberation Federation.
Also, he founded the Indian National Association. He launched the newspaper “The Bengali” to protest against the British government.
Surendranath Banerjee arrested in 1883 for publishing anti-British criticism. He elected as president of the Congress in 1895 and 1902.
Alluri Sitaram Raju
He started a session of killing one British military officer after another. Along with his accomplices, he raided the police station.
Additionally, he seized a large quantity of ammunition from it. Furthermore, He started the Rampa uprising in 1979 to protest a law approved by the British government.
Vinayak Damodarao Savarkar:
He was well known as Swatantryaveer Savarkar among Indian people. First of all, He was a noted author who wrote the book called “Indian War of Independence.”
In this book, we can see that he describes the struggle of the revolutionaries in 1857.
Above all, He founded the Abhinav Bharat Society. Furthermore, Savarkar was also the founder of the “Free India Society.”
Savarkar was a tremendous and indispensable freedom fighter in the Indian independence war.
Bhim Sen Sachar:
He was professionally a lawyer. Other revolutionaries Inspired him a lot. Additionally, he entered the Indian National Congress at a very young age.
Above all, he was the secretary of the “Punjab Committee.” In particular, His struggle for independence continued even after India’s independence.
Because, he was opposed to Indira Gandhi’s dictatorship. Therefore, the voices against Indira Gandhi came into great difficulty after post-independence India.
His real name was Jivataram Bhagwan Das Kripalani. He was a Gandhian socialist and a freedom activist.
Being a follower of Gandhiji, he had actively involved in many movements.
He participated in essential movements like non-cooperation movement, salt satyagraha, civil disobedience, and the quit India movement.
Arun Asaf Ali:
He was an activist as well as a member of the Congress party. Arun Asaf Ali had involved in the Quit India Movement as well as in the Salt Satyagraha.
He had hoisted the INS (Indian National Movement) flag in Mumbai during the Quit India Movement.
Arun Asaf Ali has made his contribution from time to time because of his patriotism. He was not only often arrested but also suffered imprisonment until 1931.
After that, he released from political prisoners under the Gandhi Irwin Agreement. He never shows deferment during the freedom struggle.
Jitendra Mohan Sengupta:
As a lawyer he contributed to the freedom struggle through his business. He saved many revolutionaries from being executed.
Jitendra Mohan Sengupta participated in the Non-cooperation Movement and the Indian National Congress.
He, too, was arrested many times during his career. Jitendra Mohan Sengupta died in a jail in Ranchi.
Madan Mohan Malviya:
Firstly, He was an essential member of the Non-cooperation Movement. Also, he twice chaired the Indian National Congress.
Malviya was the central figure in the protest against the Simon Commission in 1928. Furthermore, he arrested for participating in the Civil Disobedience Movement on April 25, 1932.
Pandit Balakrishna Sharma:
He was professionally a journalist. Pandit Balakrishna Sharma had a significant contribution in preparing many young freedom fighters.
He inspired many Indian citizens and converted them into freedom fighters.
Above all, Pandit Balakrishna Sharma was arrested at least six times during his career. Sharma participated in many movements.
Another thing is Balakrishna was also a member of the Indian Independence Movement. The British Government declared him “dangerous prisoners,” indicating the importance of their work.
E. M. S. Nambudaripath:
First of all, he was a co-founder of the Congress Socialist Party. His original full name was Elam Kulam Manakkal Shankarani Nambudaripath.
He named after the first initial letter of his name. So, he was famous by E. M. S. Also, E. M. S was also a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi.
Subsequently, he became the first Chief Minister of Kerala. His thoughts were a Communist. He was also called a devoted Hindu.
During his college years, he was an activist in the Indian National Congress. So, his participation in the Indian independence movement was remarkable.
He was renowned as a unique author. He wrote individual books like “Jaisalmer Ka Gundaraj” and “Azadi Ke Deewane.”
As a result of protests agains British imperial he was expelled from Jaisalmer and Hyderabad. Sagarmal Gopa was imprisoned and tortured to death at the age of 46.
Damodar Hari Chafeker:
The Bubonic plague had spread to Pune in 1896. So, the British Government has set up a special committee to prevent the spread of deadly diseases like the plague.
W. C. Rand was the chairman of this committee. Damodar Hari Chafaker and his brother Balakrishna Hari Chafeker killed Rand.
Hence, the Chafeker brothers were arrested for the murder of Rand. Finally, he was then sentenced to death.
Balakrishna Hari Chafekar:
To fight the plague of Pune, the English Government formed a committee. He and his brother Damodar Hari Chafekar together kill Rand.
Rand abused administrative power forcibly inspected women in public. Therefore, Chafaker brother had planned to kill Rand to answer for that misconduct.
Baba Gurdit Singh:
The fight from abroad must also be fought to make Indian independence genuinely successful. In the meantime, countries like the US and Canada forbade the entry of Asians.
To alter the laws of those countries, Gurdit Singh began his trip to Canada. He also participated in the Komagata event there.
He was one of the most crucial freedom fighters who participated in the Indian independence movement.
Above all, Udham Singh took revenge of Jallianwala Bagh massacre that took place on March 13, 1940.
So, he had assassinated Sir Michael O’Dwyer as the cause of the shootings. Finally, Udham Singh was convicted for this and was sentenced to death.
Shyamji Krishna Verma:
He had thoughts just like Gurdit Singh. Firstly, he also fought from outside India. Shyamji Krishna Verma worked to inspire Indian freedom fighters and revolutionaries.
Furthermore, he founded “The Indian Sociologist,” “Indian Home Rule Society,” “India House” in the city of London.
Ganesh Shankar Vidhyarthi:
He was professionally worked as journalist. On other hands, he was a vital leader of the Indian National Congress. Also, he was actively involved in many movements.
Ganesh Shankar was a prominent member of non-cooperation movement of Gandhiji.
Furthermore, he was a close associate of the great revolutionary Bhagat Singh, Chandrasekhar Azad. Due to his revolutionary activities, he faced imprisonment in 1920.
He was a very famous freedom fighter. Professionally Bhulabhai Desai was a lawyer. During World War II, he defended three soldiers of the Indian National Army in court.
Bhulabhai was arrested in 1940 for joining Gandhi’s civil disobedience.
A well-known freedom fighter Vitthalbhai Patel was the co-founder of the Swarajya Party.
Firstly, Vitthalbhai Patel was the elder brother of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. Furthermore, He was a close associate of Subhash Chandra Bose.
But, he did not agree to follow Gandhiji’s path of Satyagraha. His nature had deteriorated drastically during the last days of his life.
He desired that his wealth should be utilized in the fight for independence. The value of his wealth was equal to 120000 INR ($1674.42[*20 Feb, 9:52 am UTC]).
Finally, he dedicated all his wealth to the revolutionary work of Subhash Chandra Bose.
He started the struggle for independence with joining the Indian National Congress. He protested with participating in a non-cooperation movement against the Britishers.
Also, He had to spend more than a year in jail for his involvement. He was a Gandhian, and he believed in Gandhiji’s ideas.
So, as an influential leader, he became the Chief Minister of Independent India.
Acharya Narendra Dev:
He was a prominent member of the Congress Socialist Party. Firstly, Acharya Narendra Dev believed in the Gandhian elements, such as the Gandhian non-violence, and brotherhoods.
Also, He promoted democratic socialism. Moreover, Acharya Narendra Dev was a leading activist in the Hindi language movement.
Additionally, he was also often arrested for his active involvement in the Indian freedom struggle.
Professionally he was a lawyer. Joining the Indian National Congress in 1906, he started his contribution.
Moreover, he successfully defended P. Varadalajulu. Gandhiji’s thinking inspired him a lot. Therefore, he became an ardent follower of Mahatma Gandhi.
He also took part in the Non-cooperation Movement. Rajpopalachari was an essential representative of the Congress from Tamil Nadu.
J. P. Narayan:
Mahatma Gandhi himself guided J. P. Narayan after participating in the INC in 1929. A freedom fighter named Ganga Sharan Singh was a close friend of Jayaprakash Narayan.
Finally, he left India and was imprisoned for his participation in the civil disobedience movement.
He was also among the freedom fighters who fought for Indian independence from abroad.
Firstly, he started the liberation war from Germany. He was a close associate of Subhash Chandra Bose. He gave the the famous Indian slogan, “Jai Hind!”
His full name was Veludhan Champakaran Thampi. He was one of the new rebels who came to protest the increasing domination of the British East India Company.
Firstly, He had participated in the famous battle of Kilon. Champakaran Thampi had attacked local British outposts. He led at least 30,000 soldiers in the Battle of Kilon.
He began his revolutionary work at a very young age. He led a protest march to arouse the British empire and realize their oppression.
At this time, English soldiers attacked him. But until the last breath, he kept the honour of the flag of the INC.
B. R. Ambedkar:
He was known as the leader of the oppressed Dalits. He was professionally a lawyer. Firstly, he played a leading role in empowering Dalits in India.
In India, the caste system has been going since Vedic times. British successfully created divisions among the Indians using the same caste system.
The British strongly believed that it was easy to rule on people based on religion and caste. Babasaheb Ambedkar understood this motive of the Britishers.
Also, he enabled the Dalit-Buddhist movement. Ambedkar participated in many other movements as well. Above all, he was recognized as the father of Indian Constitution.
V. B. Phadake:
The injustice happened on the farmers of India had made the lives of the farmers very difficult. V. B. Phadake was blase with his life.
Therefore, Vasudev Balwant Phadke formed a revolutionary group to raise his voice against that vexatious British rules.
He made many raids on British businesspeople. Because of the attack on the British forces in Pune. Phadake succeeded in capturing Pune.
He had received a scholarship to study engineering in Britain. But he focused on bomb-making skills to rid the country from British distress.
Upon his arrival in India with the help of advanced skills he succeeded in the bombing of Alipur. He explained his intentions to the Indian community as well as to the activists in his group.
Firstly, he was an essential revolutionary member of the HRA. He was a close associate of the chairman Ram Prasad Bismil and other partners.
Rajendra Lahiri joined the Kakori Railway robbery. Finally, his involvement in this robbery led to his arrest.
Because he was also involved in the conflict. Therefore, he sentenced to death at the age of 26.
Roshan Singh was also a member of the HSRA. He was not involved in the Kakori railway robbery.
However, the English authorities suspected and arrested him. Moreover, the British government convicted and sentenced him to death along with other revolutionaries.
His full name was Jatindra Nath Das. He had got arrested for his revolutionary activities. The facilities and environment of political prisoners in India are different compared to prisoners in European regions.
So, Jatin Das raised his voice against this injustice. For that, he started fasting till death. Above all, that fasting lasted for 63 days. Finally, he died at the age of 25.
Madan Lal Dhingra:
He became the inspiration for many revolutionaries. He was one of the initial revolutionaries. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Chandrasekhar Azad took inspiration from him.
Madan Lal Dhingra went to England to study mechanical engineering. During his education, he assassinated Sir William Hutt Curzon Wylie. At last, He sentenced to death for that offense.
Kartar Singh Sarabha:
He was one of the famous communist revolutionaries. Kartar Singh Sarabha joined the Gadar Party at the age of 17 years to protest the British Government.
He attended a confidential meeting with all the accomplices. Unfortunately, one of his accomplices informed the English officer about their secrete place. After that, he executed by the British Government at the age of 19.
V. O. Chidambaram:
He was professionally a lawyer and Leader of the INC. He knew with initial letters of his name, that is, the VOC.
Chidambaram was the first Indian to start Indian shipping services. Colliding with British ships, he launched such a service for the Indians.
For curbing his growing influence, the British Government accused him of charging treason. After that, he then sentenced to life imprisonment.
She was one of the female revolutionaries who fought before the rise of 1857. Kittar Chennamma belongs to the royal family and queen of the princely state of Karnataka.
She led a battalion of soldiers to teach a lesson to the East India Company. Lieutenants Sangoli Raina and Chennamma used the guerrilla war techniques. In one such a fierce battle, the British army gets defeated terribly.
K. M. Munshi:
He was a follower of Maharaja Sayajirao Gaikwad III, Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. K M. Munshi’s protests often led to his imprisonment.
Also, he was a member of the INC as well as the Swaraj Party. He took part in Gandhi’s Quit India movement as well as the salt satyagraha.
His full name was Kanhaiyalal Manekalal Munshi. Furthermore, he founded the “Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan.”
He was a poet and inspired thousands of freedom fighters through his poetry and lyrics to fight the British rule.
He participated spontaneously in the civil disobedience movement. His participation in this movement and his revolutionary poems also led to his imprisonment.
N. G. Ranga:
He took inspiration from the Mahatma Gandhiji. N. G. Ranga also led a group of farmers in protest in 1933.
He regarded as one of the leading revolutionaries in the Indian Farmer Movement.
U. Tirot Singh:
He had led a group of Khansi people. He also contributed to the task of maintaining the mountains that the English wanted to capture.
Tirot Singh used the guerrilla force to attack the British army due to the lack of military force. His attack on the English outpost triggered the Anglo-Khansi war.
Abdul Hafiz Mohammad Barkatullah:
His name one of the revolutionaries who fought from abroad. Abdul Hafiz was a co-founder of the Gadar Party.
The party operated out from San Francisco. He also published his articles in a newspaper in England.
He was the personal secretary of Mahatma Gandhi. Mahadev Desai participated in most of the protests like salt satyagraha, Bardoli satyagraha along with Gandhiji.
He also arrested for participating in the protest. Mahadev Desai was one of the members attending the Second Golmel Conference.
He became a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi after meeting King George V.
He was a prominent revolutionary of the Jugantar group. The group killed many English officers.
Praphulla Chaki was responsible for killing English officers, such as Kingsford and Sir Joseph Baamfield.
In an attempt to kill Kingsford, he accidentally killed Khudiram Bose, and Kingsford’s wife and daughter.
Bhagwati Charan Vohra:
He was a close associate of Chandrasekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev. In 1929 he rented a house and converted it into a bomb factory for revolutionary purposes.
He tried brust a bomb in a car with in which Lord Irwin was travelling. However, Lord Irwin survived the attack.
He plotted to assassinate Lord Hardinge. In this case, a group of revolutionaries bombed Lord Hardinge’s horse carriage.
In which Hardinge was escaped and managed to escape in the injured position. However, the driver was killed on the spot. Therefore, Brother Balmukund was arrested in this incident.
Sohan Singh Josh:
Renowned author Sohan Singh worked for a daily newspaper called Kirti. He also tried to present Bhagat Singh’s revolutionary ideas to the world in this paper.
Furthermore, He was also the founder of the communist newspaper “Jung E Azadi.” His groundbreaking work led him to three years in prison.
Sohan Singh Bhakna:
He was also the party’s president and vital member of the Gadar conspiracy. He participated in the Ghadar conspiracy to launch attacks from all over India (Pan Indian).
Sohan Singh Bhakna also worked for a while in the Communist Party of India. He was imprisoned for 16 years for participating in the Gadar conspiracy.
C. F. Andrews:
Charles Freer Andrews British leaders struggled for Indian civil rights in Africa for some time. This is what led Mahatma Gandhi to India.
The thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi inspired him. He became a good friend of Mahatma Gandhi. He contributed very much to the Indian independence struggle.
Tarak Nath Das:
He was a formidable revolutionary who fought differently. Tarak Nath Das was a wise and visionary revolutionary. He choosed a more challenging and thorny way to liberate his country.
Therefore, he decided to go abroad for further education at a meeting in 1906. He left for higher education along with his colleague Jatindra Nath Mukherjee.
However, his intention to leave the country was something else. He went on to acquire military knowledge in the western region.
Moreover, his other purpose was to support and create leaders of western states for the liberation of India.
Bhupendra Nath Datta:
He had arrested in 1907 for taking part in the Jugantar movement. Most noteworthy, he had served as editor of the famous revolutionary newspaper “Jugantar Magazine.”
He also arrested for working in that newspaper. Then, he joined the “Ghadar Party.”
Bhupendra Nath Datta also became secretary of the Indian Independence Committee. He had fought abroad for Indian independence from abroad.
Maruthu brothers started a war against the British rule about 56 years before the rise of 1857.
Marutha brothers succeeded in getting three districts out of British territory due to his efforts. But the British demanded additional troops from Britain to fight against them.
Then, the British defeated the Maruthu brothers in two successive wars after the strengthing of that army.
Shambhu Dutt Sharma:
He had a Gazetted officer and abdicated his that honour to took part in non-cooperation movement.
Shambhu Dutt Sharma also arrested for participating in that movement. He continued his fight against corruption and other social oppressive customs in post-independence India.
Manmath Nath Gupta:
He was a renowned author. Also, He had well known for his writings, and for the books he wrote.
Manmath Nath Gupta strives for independence through his writing. He was also a member of the HSRA.
He also involved in the Kakori robbery. He had sentenced to almost 14 years of imprisonment for his participation.
Manmath Nath Gupta arrested again in 1939 as he continued his revolutionary activities after his release from prison.
He Bhagat Singh’s close ally and an activist of the HSRA. He had involved in a bomb blast in the Assembly did on April 8, 1929.
Batukeshwar fasted for gaining some rights to Indian political prisoners. He was also somewhat successful in that efforts.
He was a close associate of Surya Sen. Ganesh Ghosh was a vital representative of the armed raids at Chittagoan. He was also a member of the Jugantar Party.
Ganesh Ghosh arrested because of his revolutionary work. He joined the Communist Party of India after his imprisonment. He continued his fight until India attained independence.
Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee:
He was the co-founder of the HRA. Chatterjee also contributed to the Kakori Railway robbery. He had a member of the “Anushilaan Committee.”
Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee promoted the violent attitude of the revolutionaries through that committee. He became a member of the Rajya Sabha in post-independence India.
Barindra Kumar Ghosh:
He was one of the leading members of the Jugantar Party. Barindra Kumar Ghosh had also involved in the famous Alipur bombing. He published the weekly Jugantar Magazine to propagate revolutionary ideas.
Barind Kumar Ghosh formed the Gupta group. The group was responsible for producing bombs in secret places. Therefore, he was also important Indian freedom fighters.
He was a close associate of Arvind Kumar Ghosh and Barindra Kumar Kumar Ghosh. Hemchandra Kanungo also contributed much to set up a bomb factory in secret. He traveled to Paris to learn the art of bomb-making.
Subsequently, He became one of many of his Russian friends in Paris, and he learned a lot from them. He gave the art of making bombs to other freedom fighters after returning to India.
He participated in many movements like Quit India Movement and Non-Cooperation Movement. He always believed that social change is an integral part of the anti-British movement.
Therefore, he emphasized on social reforms. Like an excellent social worker, he was also a famous revolutionary. His revolutionary work also led to his arrest.
Binod Bihari Chaudhary:
He was an active member of the Jugantar Party. Binod Bihari Chaudhary was one of Surya Sen’s close associates. He also contributed to the Chittagoan raid.
He was last living revolutionary participant in that famous raid. Liaquat Ali: He worked to relieve the injustice of the Indian Muslim community. He also joined Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who heads the Indian Muslim League.
He was a prominent Muslim leader. Shaukat Ali had published revolutionary magazines. He had an invaluable contribution in creating a nurturing political environment for Muslims.
Thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi impressed him a lot. He was one of the Indian freedom fighters who was converted by the thoughts of Gandhiji.
He had arrested for participating in revolutionary activities in many of his movements. Shaukat was one of the most important representatives of Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement.
He was an essential member of the INC. As a revolutionary, he protested against the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. He also participated in the Quit India Movement.
Moreover, He had arrested during that movement. The British persecuted him while in prison. He also guided K. Kamaraj.
Later, he became the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu state in post-independence India.
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan:
He was one of the freedom fighters who opposed the partition of India. Khan Abdul was the sponsor of non-violence. His another named was Bacha Khan.
Furthermore, Abdul always dreamed of a secular country. In 1959, he launched the “Khudai Khidmatgar movement.”
His ideology and principles were the same as that of Mahatma Gandhi. Therefore, he did his work in collaboration with Mahatma Gandhi.
He was one of the Saint who worked to strengthen the Hindu religion. He also worked to re-establish the religiosity damaged during British era. So, I also consider him as one of the popular Indian freedom fighters.
As during the British rule Hindu religion became weak due to lack of guidance. Vivekananda not only made Hindu religion strong but also represented it to World.
Because, he delivered speech at Parliament of the World’s religions in Chicago to introduce Hindu religion.
Maulana Hasrat Mohani:
He was one of the first Indian freedom fighters to raise his voice against the British rule at the Indian National Congress Conference in Allahabad.
Hasrat Mohini was a co-founder of the Communist Party. Also, she was a unique poet and writer. Hasrat Mohini often imprisoned for his writings and promoting against British rule.
I hope you like this article on 125+ Indian freedom fighters.
If you think any important Indian freedom fighters that, I forgot to mention here in list, then please comment below. Also, Don’t forget to share this article with your friends.