Introduction of Shahaji Raje Bhosale
In this article, I am going to share information about the son of Maloji Raje of Verul who is Shahaji Raje Bhosale. He worked as a General in the court of Adil Shah of Bijapur & Nijam Shah of Ahmednagar.
Everyone knew the History of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, but very few people know the past before and after Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje.
Shahaji Raje Bhosale Biography
|Identity||Shahaji Raje Bhosale was an influential Adilshahi chieftain of the Bhosale family|
|Birthdate||March 18, 1594|
|Parents||Father: General Malojirao Bhosale, Mother: Uma Bai (Deepa Bai)|
|Wives||Jijabai Bhosale, Tukabai, Narsabai|
|Death||1664 at Hodigere near Channagiri, Davanagere district|
Birth of Shahaji Raje Bhosale
Shahaji Bhosale had taken birth on the day of 7th March 1919. Maloji Raje had great faith in Hazrat Pir Mohammed Shah Dargah Sharif. So, in honor of Pir Mohammed Shah, Maloji gave the name Shahaji to his son.
Bhosale family centers
Pune, Satara, Kolhapur, and Tanjavar were the centers of the Bhosale family of the Marathas.
Like Malojiraje, Shahaji Raje Bhosale served in the court of the Nizamshah of Ahmednagar.
In the legacy of Malojiraje Shahaji Bhosale got Pune and Supa region. Hence he sent his son Shivaji and wife Jijabai to Pune to manage the territory.
Battles fought by Shahaji Maharaj
Shah Jahan sends a massive Mughal army to destroy the Nizams. Then, Adilshah allied with the Mughals.
At that time, Shahaji Raje Bhosale was at the fort of Mahuli. Meanwhile, the Mughals succeed in kidnapping Nizam Prince Murtaza.
Shahahji Raje seeks help from the Portuguese, but the Portuguese refuse to provide support.
Therefore, Nizam had no choice left except to surrender before Mughals to save Prince Murtaza’s life. After the treaty, Mughals had rescues Nizam Prince Murtaza.
Subsequently, the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan sent Shahaji Bhosale to south India.
At that time, there was an incident in the court of Nizam, in which the father-in-law of Shahaji Raje Bhosale named Lakhujirao Jadhav was killed in court.
Then, in anger, Shahji Raje leaves the Nizam court and accepted service in Adilshahi court.
Victory of Shahaji Raje Bhosale over Adilshahi Generals
Like Malojiraje, Shahaji Bhosale was also very gallant. He had fought many battles in favor of the Nizamshah.
Mughal emperor Shah Jahan acquired the Deccan for conquering the southern region.
When the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan invaded the Deccan to conquer the south.
At that time, Shahaji helped the Mughals to defeat Adilshah in the year 1632. Mughals awarded the region won in this war to Shahaji Raje Bhosale.
Maharana Pratap of Mewar used the guerilla warfare technique in the Battle of Haldighati. Likewise, being from the generation of Shahaji Bhosale, he was very skilled in guerrilla warfare.
After this, Shahji had reasonable control over the Pune and Supe.
Southern Campaigns of Shahaji Maharaj
After coming to Adilshahi court, Shahjahan and Ranadullah Khan marched from Bijapur. They intended to win the southern Parganas(regions) in the year 1638.
To build a harmonious and peaceful relationship with them, they defeated many kings in the south but returned their kingdoms to them.
Therefore, whenever Shahaji Raje Bhosale demands help in the future, the support of those kings began to come.
Karnataka Campaigns of Shahaji Raje Bhosale
Kempegowda was one of the great rulers of Karnataka who established the renowned city of Bangalore.
His successor named Kempe Gowda-III was a contemporary successor ruling during the time of Shahaji Bhosale.
Kempe Gowda-III of Karnataka also ruled the state of Karnataka under the influence of the Vijayanagar kingdom.
In 1638 AD, an army of Bijapur defeated Kempe Gowda-III under the leadership of Shahaji Raje Bhosale and Randullah Khan.
Shahaji Maharaj gives Royal Seal to Shivaji Maharaj
Shivaji Maharaj required an independent Royal Seal to begin the work of Swarajya (Self-government) and start its Authority.
Then, the Shahaji Raje Bhosale prepared a new Rajamudra (Royal Seal) for Swarajya in the Sanskrit language.
Shahaji Raje Bhosale himself handed it over to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Words and their meaning inscribed on the royal seal was like below,
Original Royal Seal of Maratha Empire at Raigad
Pratipachandralekhev। Vardhishnurvishvavandita। Shahsuno Shivsaiisha Mudra Bhadraya Rajate।।– Royal Seal of Maratha Empire
It means that,
The growing like the moon of Pratipada, this Rajamudra (Royal Seal) of a son of Shahaji named Shivaji rules only for public welfare.
Politics of Shahaji Raje Bhosale
While Shahaji Raje in Adilshahi court, Shivaji Maharaj, started his campaigns to capture the forts one by one.
At that time, Shahaji maintained the situation saying, “As there was no fort to manage the work of heritage of Pune and Supe Paragana (region), Shivaji might have taken the fort.”
Here, Shivaji Maharaj also reported via reporter the message, “Forts have been taken only to properly maintain the Pune and Supe territory.
There was not any other moto behind it.” In this way, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj cleverly keeps up the work of Swarajya.
Death of Shahaji Raje Bhosale
Once while Shahaji Maharaj was in Karnataka, he desired to hunt. He was in Hodigere village. For hunting, he heads towards the deep forest.
It was the day of 3rd January when Shahaji Raje was hunting in the Jungle. That time an accident happened, they fell from the horse straight to the ground.
He died on the spot due to the head hitting the ground. This news of the death of Shahaji Raje spreads like the wind throughout India.
As soon as Jijabai got a letter on Raigad fort, the entire Sahyadri fell in grief with her family.
Shahaji Bhosale was the most influential chieftain of India in his time. During the reign of Shahaji Raje Bhosale, the Bhosale family began to rise in India.
His son Ekoji I or Vyankoji, was the founder of the Maratha Empire in Tanjavur.
In memory of his father, Vyankoji built the tomb of Shahaji Bhosale at Hodigere village near Channagiri taluk in Karnataka.
For molding the child into an extraordinary king, family support was really necessary.
When Chhatrapati Shivray started the campaign of Swarajya, Shahaji Raje Bhosale supports a lot to achieve new goals.
Also, the strong leadership of Chhatrapati Shivray helped pull together Indian freedom fighters like Bajiprabhu Deshpande, Tanaji Malusare, etc.
Featured Image Credits: Wikimedia