|Identity||Shahaji Raje Bhosale was an influential Adilshahi chieftain of the Bhosale family|
|Birthdate||March 18, 1594|
|Parents||Father: General Malojirao Bhosale|
|Wives||Jijabai, Tukabai, Narsabai|
|Death||1664 at Hodigere near Channagiri, Davanagere district|
Introduction of Shahaji Raje Bhosale:
In this article, I am going talking about the son of Maloji Raje of Verul who is Sri Shahaji Maharaj. He worked as a General in the court of Adil Shah of Bijapur & Nijam Shah of Ahmednagar.
Everyone knows the history of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, but very few people know the past before and after Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje.
Birth of Shahaji Maharaj:
Shahaji Raje Bhosale had taken birth on the day of 7th March 1919. Maloji Raje had great faith in Hazrat Pir Mohammed Shah Dargah Sharif. So, in honor of Pir Mohammed Shah, Maloji gave the name as Shahaji to his son.
Bhosale family centers during Shahaji Maharaj:
Pune, Satara, Kolhapur, and Tanjavar were the centers of the Bhosale family of the Marathas. Like Malojiraje, Shahaji Raje Bhosale served in the court of the Nizamshah of Ahmednagar. In the legacy of Malojiraje Shahaji Raje got Pune and Supa region. Hence he sent his son Shivaji and wife Jijabai to Pune to manage the territory.
Battles fought by Shahaji Maharaj:
Shah Jahan sends a massive Mughal army to destroy the Nizams. Then, Adilshah allied with the Mughals. At that time, Shahaji Maharaj was at the fort of Mahuli. Meanwhile, the Mughals succeed in kidnapping Nizam Prince Murtaza.
Shahahji Raje seeks for help from Portuguese, but the Portuguese refuse to provide support. Therefore, Nizam had no choice left except to surrender before Mughals to save Prince Murtaza’s life. After the treaty, Mughals had rescues Nizam Prince Murtaza.
Subsequently, the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan sent Shahaji to south India. At that time, there was an incident in the court of Nizam, in which Shahajiraje’s father-in-law Lakhujirao Jadhav was killed in the court. Then, in anger, Shahji Raje leaves the Nizam court and accepted service in Adilshahi court.
Victory of Shahaji Raje over Adilshahi Generals:
Like Malojiraje, Shahaji Maharaj was also very gallant. He had fought many battles in favor of the Nizamshah. When the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan invaded the Deccan to conquer the south. At that time, Shahaji helped Mughals to defeat Adilshah in the year 1632. Mughals awarded the region won in this war to Shahaji Raje Bhosale.
Maharana Pratap used the guerilla warfare technique in the Battle of Haldighati. Likewise, being from the generation of Shahaji Maharaj, he was very skilled in guerrilla warfare.
After this, Shahji had reasonable control over the Pune and Supe.
Southern Campiagns of Shahaji Raje:
After coming to Adilshahi court, Shahjahan and Ranadullah Khan marched from Bijapur. They intended to win the southern Parganas(regions) in the year 1638.
To build a harmonious and peaceful relationship with them, they defeated many kings in the south and returned their kingdoms to them. Therefore, whenever Shahaji Raje Bhosale demands help in the future, the support of those kings began to come.
Karnataka Campiagns of Shahaji Maharaj:
Kempe Gowda-III of Karnataka ruled the state of Karnataka under the influence of the Vijayanagar kingdom. In 1638 AD, Bijapur’s army defeated Kempe Gowda-III, under the leadership of Shahaji Raje and Randullah Khan.
Shahaji maharaj gives Royal Seal to Shivaji Maharaj:
Shivaji Maharaj required independent Royal Seal to begin the work of Swarajya (Self-government) and start its Authority. Then the Shahaji Raje Bhosale prepared a new Rajamudra (Royal Seal) for Swarajya in the Sanskrit language. Shahaji Raje himself handed it over to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Words and their meaning inscribed on the royal seal was like below,
Pratipachandralekhev। Vardhishnurvishvavandita। Shahsuno Shivsaiisha Mudra Bhadraya Rajate।।
This means that,
Growing like the moon of Pratipada, this Rajamudra(Royal Seal) of Shahaji’s son Shivaji rules for public welfare.
Politics of Shahaji maharaj:
While Shahaji Raje in Adilshahi court, Shivaji Maharaj, started his campaigns to capture the forts one by one. He consequently won Torna, Rajgad, Pratapgad, Kondhana, Purandar, Rohida, Panhala. Then, Adilshah inquired about Shivaji Maharaj to Shahaji Raje. At that time, Shahaji maintained the situation saying, “As there was no fort to manage the work of heritage of Pune and Supe Paragana (region), Shivaji might have taken the fort.”
Here, Shivaji Maharaj also reported via reporter with the message, “Forts have been taken only to maintain the Pune and Supe territory properly. There was not any other moto behind it.” In this way, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj cleverly keeps up the work of Swarajya.
Death of Shahaji maharaj:
Once while Shahaji Maharaj was in Karnataka desired to hunt. He was in Hodigere village. For hunting, he heads towards the deep forest. It was the day of 3rd January when Shahaji Raje was hunting in the Jungle. That time an accident happened, they fell from the horse straight to the ground. He died on the spot due to the head hitting the ground. This news of Shahaji Raje’s death spreads like the wind throughout India. As soon as Jijabai got a letter on Raigad, the mountain of grief falls on her and her family.
Shahaji Raje was the most influential chieftain of India in his time. During the reign of Shahaji Raje Bhosale, the Bhosale family began to rise in India. His son Ekoji-1 or Vyankoji was the founder of the Maratha Empire in Tanjavur. In memory of his father, Vyankoji built the tomb of Shahaji Raje at Hodigere village near Channagiri taluk in Karnataka.
In any king of extraordinary work family support plays crucial role. When Chh. Shivray started the campiagn of Swarajya, Shahaji Raje supports a lot to achieve new goals. Also strong leadership of Chh. Shivray helps to pull together fearless freedom fighters like Bajiprabhu Deshpande, Tanaji Malusare, etc.
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