Identity: Shahaji Raje Bhosale was an influential Adilshahi chieftain of the Bhosale family.
Date of Birth: 18th March 1594
Death: 23rd January 1664
Wives: Jijabai, Tukabai, Narsabai
In this article, I am going talking about the son of Maloji Raje of Verul that is Sri Shahaji Raje Bhosale. He was a General in the court of Adilshah of Bijapur.
Everyone knows the history of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. But very few people know the past before and after Shivaji Raje.
Shahaji Raje Bhosale’s Birth and Name:
Shahaji Raje Bhosale had taken birth on the day of 7th March 1919. Maloji Raje had great faith in Hazrat Pir Mohammed Shah Dargah Sharif. So, in honor of Pir Mohammed Shah, Maloji gave the name as Shahaji to his son.
Shahaji Raje Bhosale Family’s Centers:
Pune, Satara, Kolhapur, and Tanjavar were the centers of the Bhosale family of the Marathas. Like Malojiraje, Shahaji Raje Bhosale served in the court of the Nizamshah of Ahmednagar. In the legacy of Malojiraje Shahaji Raje got Pune and Supa region. Hence he sent his son Shivaji and wife Jijabai to Pune to manage the territory.
Shahu Maharaj’s battles:
Shah Jahan sends a massive Mughal army to destroy the Nizams. Then, Adilshah allied with the Mughals. At that time, Shahaji Maharaj was at the fort of Mahuli. Meanwhile, the Mughals succeed in kidnapping Nizam Prince Murtaza. Shahahjiraje seeks for help from Portuguese, but the Portuguese refuse to provide support. Therefore, Nizam had no choice left except to surrender before Mughals to save Prince Murtaza’s life. After the treaty, Mughals had rescues Nizam Prince Murtaza. Subsequently, the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan sent Shahaji to south India. At that time, there was an incident in the court of Nizam, in which Shahajiraje’s father-in-law Lakhujirao Jadhav was killed in the court. Then, in anger, Shahjiraje leaves the Nizam court and accepted service in Adilshahi court.
Shahaji Raje’s victory over Adilshahi Generals:
Like Malojiraje, Shahaji Maharaj was also very gallant. He had fought many battles in favor of the Nizamshah. When the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan invaded the Deccan to conquer the south. At that time, Shahaji helped Mughals to defeat Adilshah in the year 1632. Mughals awarded the region won in this war to Shahaji Raje Bhosale.
Maharana Pratap used the guerilla warfare technique in the Battle of Haldighati. Likewise, being from the generation of Shahaji Maharaj, he was very skilled in guerrilla warfare.
After this, Shahji had reasonable control over the Pune and Supe.
Shahaji Raje’s Southern Campaign:
After coming to Adilshahi court, Shahjahan and Ranadullah Khan marched from Bijapur. They intended to win the southern Parganas(regions) in the year 1638. To build a harmonious and peaceful relationship with them, they defeated many kings in the south and returned their kingdoms to them. Therefore, whenever Shahaji Raje Bhosale demands help in the future, the support of those kings began to come.
Shahaji Raje’s Karnataka Campaign:
Kempe Gowda-III of Karnataka ruled the state of Karnataka under the influence of the Vijayanagar kingdom. In 1638 AD, Bijapur’s army defeated Kempe Gowda-III, under the leadership of Shahaji Raje and Randullah Khan.
Shahaji Bhosale gives Royal Seal to Shivaji Maharaj:
Shivaji Maharaj required independent Royal Seal to begin the work of Swarajya (Self-government) and start its Authority. Then the Shahaji Raje Bhosale prepared a new Rajamudra (Royal Seal) for Swarajya in the Sanskrit language. Shahaji Raje himself handed it over to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Words and their meaning inscribed on the royal seal was like below,
This means that,
Growing like the moon of Pratipada, this Rajamudra(Royal Seal) of Shahaji’s son Shivaji rules for public welfare.
Politics of Shahaji Raje Bhosale:
While Shahaji Raje in Adilshahi court, Shivaji Maharaj, started his campaigns to capture the forts one by one. He consequently won Torna, Rajgad, Pratapgad, Kondhana, Purandar, Rohida, Panhala. Then, Adilshah inquired about Shivaji Maharaj to Shahaji Raje. At that time, Shahaji maintained the situation saying, “As there was no fort to manage the work of heritage of Pune and Supe Paragana (region), Shivaji might have taken the fort.”
Here, Shivaji Maharaj also reported via reporter with the message, “Forts have been taken only to maintain the Pune and Supe territory properly. There was not any other moto behind it.” In this way, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj cleverly keeps up the work of Swarajya.
Death of Shahaji Bhosale:
Once while Shahaji Maharaj was in Karnataka desired to hunt. He was in Hodigere village. For hunting, he heads towards the deep forest. It was the day of 3rd January when Shahaji Raje was hunting in the Jungle. That time an accident happened, they fell from the horse straight to the ground. He died on the spot due to the head hitting the ground. This news of Shahaji Raje’s death spreads like the wind throughout India. As soon as Jijabai got a letter on Raigad, the mountain of grief falls on her and her family.
Shahaji Raje was the most influential chieftain of India in his time. During the reign of Shahaji Raje Bhosale, the Bhosale family began to rise in India. His son Ekoji-1 or Vyankoji was the founder of the Maratha Empire in Tanjavur. In memory of his father, Vyankoji built the tomb of Shahaji Raje at Hodigere village near Channagiri taluk in Karnataka.
Here you can read about other Kings:
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