Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil

Today, I am sharing the history about the man who remain uneducated but became the reason for the education of millions of people from all level of Indian society. He was none other than Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil.

Brief Information About Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil:

IdentitySocial Reformer
BirthOn day of 22nd September 1887 Bhaurao Patil born at Kumbhoj, Kolhapur, Maharashtra of British India
ParentsFather: Paigonda Devgonda Patil, Mother: Gangabai
WifeLaxmibai Bhaurao Patil
AchievementsThe Government of India awarded him with the “Padma Bhushan” Award in 1959.

Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil was the popular social reformer of 19th century. He was from Kumbhoj Taluka of Kolhapur district in Maharashtra. In 1959 CE, Government of India awarded with Padma Bhushan after his death.

Bhaurao dedicated whole life to educate the children from backward class. In spite of being illiterate, he identified the importance of education and did the change through his actions. Therefore, people given him a title of “Karmaveer” which means “King of Work.”

Karmaveer means “King of Work.”

Paigaunda Patil was the father and Gangabai was the mother of Bhaurao.

Yes, Karmaveer was the contemporary social reformer during the reign of Rajarshi Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur from 1894 to 1922.

Bhaurao Paigonda Patil was the name of Karmaveer.

Karmaveer was born on 22nd September 1887.

Family of Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil

He was born in Kumbhoj of district Kolhapur. His mother’s name was Gangabai, and name of his father was Paigaunda Patil. “Bhau” was his childhood nickname.

As he grew up, the people were called him as “Bhaurao.” He had three brothers named Tatya, Balgonda alias Balwant, Badendra alias Bandu and also two sisters Dwarkabai, Tarabai.

Childhood of Bhaurao Patil

Father of him, Paigaunda Patil, passed the civil examination. He was working as a clerk in the revenue department. Gangabai had to stay in the hut when Pagonda Patil went to work. Therefore, for the sake of safety, he had to live at their house of grandfather in Kumbhoj.

He was the most pampered family member of the family. Therefore, he was more attentive in sports and wandering rather than study.

Satyappa was known for rebellion against untouchability. He recognized as a helper to the poor. When he was childish, that time due to association with Sattyappa, his mind also became fearless.

Rebel attitude of Bhaurao against injustice

Two ancestors of him, Nemgonda, and Shantanagonda were Chief (Pitthacharyas) of Jain monastery at Nandani and also a Jain Muni (sage) of Digambar creed.

Therefore, even in he had the Sannyasin (saint) attitude, and he was rebellion against injustice were from a very young age.

Babasaheb Ambedkar with Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil
Image Credits: Wikimedia

Education of Bhaurao Patil

At the age of eighth, he has taken admission to Marathi Primary School No. 1 of Dahiwadi on 7th February 1979. In 1949, father sent him along with his brother Tatya to Kolhapur for the study in English medium.

Likewise, he studied at Rajaram Middle High School in grades 1st to 3rd. After that, he attended Rajaram High School.

Unforgettable Events happened during his Educational Life

While at the Palace of Shahu Maharaj, he was failed in Mathematics while in the 6th class. After telling this story to Shahuji Maharaj, he asked the mathematics teacher named Shri Bhargavaram Kulkarni to pass Bhaurao in mathematics and push him into the next upper class.

But, Shri Bhargavaram was very sincere, he told Shahu Maharaj that, “Once I will push the bench of him to the next upper class, but not to Bhaurao.”

At that time, Shahu Maharaj saw the sincerity teacher and promoted him to the top post. He always remembered the words of Kulkarni Guruji (Master) throughout his life.

Later, by telling this story to the children of the hostel, he used to ask them to study hard. After failing in the 6th standard, his father called him back to Koregaon.

Most of the readers will see the failure of the Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil here. But during this the last year because the association of Shahu Maharaj he was inspired a lot. Therefore, he gets motivated to work as a social reformer in the future.

He contributed so much in the Education field. He cares about people (Rayat) exactly like Chhatrapati Shivray.

He always thought that the Education is the only way to get rid of problems like poverty, intolerable social practices like untouchability. In other words, he gave salutation to Shivaji Maharaj.

Wife of karmaveer bhaurao patil

He married to Laxmibai but after marriage it took a while for Laxmibai to adapt with new environment. She was identified as icon of sacrifice, because she made the equal contributions in work of husband.

As Laxmibai was from rich family, she came with gold jewelry and ornaments. But, after he started the Rayat Shikshan Sanstha, there were several incidents where the hostel students had no grocery to make food.

At such adverse situation, there was the big-hearted Laxmibai who gave her ornaments as security.

I remembered the unforgettable incident when there was day before Gudi Padava. Gudi Padava is the festival celebrated especially in Maharashtra.

That day, there wasn’t any sweet for hostel students to eat. After she was aware of the situation she removed her last ornament called as “Mangalsutra.”

Mangalsutra was the necklace which used to have on day of marriage, and it was considered as symbol of marriage. Additionally, it has great significance in Hindu religion and culture.

Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil Real Photo
Image Credits: Wikipedia

“Education Through Self Help is Our Motto.”

– Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil

Featured Image Credits: Rayat Shikshan Sanstha

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