Introduction to Maharana Pratap History:
Maharana Pratap History is very important in History of India. He makes us realize the importance of freedom and we should fight for it. Furthermore, He was always an ideal person who sacrificed his whole life for Nation. Let’s start with the meaning of Maharana,
Maharana was Rajaputi title used for kings in Rajasthan assumed as a sign of pride, perseverance, gallantry.
Rather, Rajasthan state was known for the land of heroes as there were so many freedom fighters who fought for their motherland. Therefore, History of India remains incomplete without reading History of Rajasthan. Above all, Mewar was a Historical state where the rule of Sisodiya dynasty was there since the medieval period of History.
Most noteworthy, Origin of Sisodiya dynasty in Rajasthan was assumed as dynasty from Prabhu Shri Ram in Ramayana. Mewar state was famous from Maharana Kumbha, Maharana Ratan Singh, Maharana Pratap. Maharana Pratap Singh was a very popular and famous freedom fighter in History of India.
Childhood of Maharana Pratap:
The cold war with Envious Traitors:
As expected Pratap was very valiant from his childhood. His stepmother always tried to keep Pratap away from the throne. Pratap was very humble, brave and his clean character made him very favourite among people. Because of his popularity, envious peoples always tried to kill him. There were also traitors inside in his family, they always tried to remain anonymous. Pratap had so much faith in his family. One of his brother Shakti Singh was also envious and he had never matched up with Pratap.
The first battle of Pratap:
Likewise, Pratap always enthusiastic about battles and he fought his first battle when he was just 14 years old.
According to tradition, Pratap married to Ajabdibaisa in childhood. Ajabdibai was a daughter of commander in the durbar of Udai Singh- II. Pratap had to marry several times in his life for political alliance.
Battle of Chittorgarh:
The encirclement of Chittorgarh by Mughal troops in 1568 is one of the big battles of Maharana Pratap. Due to lack of food supply for a long time made conditions terrible inside of the fort. So, Instead of dying due to lack of food, Pratap and his troops decided to fight against Mughal. This was known as “Saka”. In the battle, Mughal troops are several times the Rajputi troops. Though, they fought battle furiously. Due to number difference, they had to take shelter in the Aravali hills. Though Chittorgarh and Mewar did not remain in their kingdom there was the region around Aravali hills came under in his Kingdom.
Maharana Pratap History at Udaipur:
Maharana Pratap at Udaipur By Shahakshay58
Glorious Johar Kund and brave women who remained undefended:
Wives of courtiers and their maids jumped into the fired well according to their tradition. They called it “Johar”. They sacrificed their lives for keeping their self-esteem, pride, cherished principles.
As mentioned in History, there were around 30,000 peoples got slaughtered inside the Chittorgarh fort. After this war, emergency royal treasury used in the preparation of new troops, purchasing new weapons, and developing their new capital.
According to some peoples and books, they gave title Akabar- The Great, I want to ask those peoples or book author was Akabar really great? If he was really Great then why he killed those innocent peoples?
Especially I want to mention that, if some books written for that cruel Akabar is great, then why not Maharana Pratap the Great?
Real History always remained hidden from the world, we need to disclose it before the world.
Battle of Haldighati:
Akabar always wanted to lean Maharana Pratap in front of him. He sent several Rajput envoys in Udaipur durbar to convince Pratap. Every time he refused to come under the Mughal influence with some arguments.
Akabar had planned to separate Rajputs and used them in the upcoming battles as the chess piece. As he realized that’s not possible, he declared war against Maharana Pratap.
Haldighati is named after the yellow land which appeared like the color of turmeric and turmeric is called as Haladi in Hindi, also this land is in the hilly area so it’s known as Haldighati. The war in hilly place avoided the confront war.
Maharana Pratap knows the number of troops was not enough, so he planned to fight that battle in the Haldighati area. This war technique was known as Gorilla Warfare. Later, these enemy war tactics called Ganimi Kava in Marathi later much more successfully used by Raje Shivachhatrapati- The Maratha Ruler against Mughals.
You can find the list and work of Freedom fihgters here- Important Freedom Fighters.
Importance of Udaipur
Udaipur fort was not easy to capture as on all sides of Udaipur there were hills surrounded to it. It’s made naturally difficult it to achieve. Haldighati was placed in these hills.
Haldighati battle is one of the famous battle fought by Maharana Pratap and Akbar led by Man Singh-I in 18th June 1576. Maharana Pratap and his colleagues have commanded Rajput forces and Mughal forces was commanded by Man Singh-I.
Hakkim Khan Suri, Bhim Singh Dodiya, Ramdas Rathor, Bida Jhala, Bhama Shah, Ram Shah Tonwar, Tarachand, and Bhill archer commander Punja were knights in the side of Maharana Pratap. Hakkim Khan Suri was the Pathan from Iran and had to take revenge of his forefather Sher- Shah Suri establisher of Suri Empire.
Importance of Haldighati battle in Indian History:
It’s an ideal example of Hindu and Muslim joint struggle against the demonic Mughal rule. Haldighati was hill where at most two people can pass through that pass which was likely favorable condition for Pratap. Maharana Pratap fought that battle with courage he had probably around 3400 troops and Mughal had around 10,000 troops. [ According to some Indian historian]
Maharana Pratap’s attack on Man Singh:
Certainly, there was one incident came when Maharana Pratap’s loyal horse named “Chetak” climb on with its hooves on proboscis of war elephant of Man Singh-I, Pratap used to attack Mann Singh-I with the spear, but stroke hit to elephant driver instead.
This attack was so powerful that spear was gone through elephant driver and pierce into Umbrella of Man Singh-I. Man Singh-I was saved by his luck. For the second attack, there was no time as Maharana Pratap encircled by Mughal forces.
Consequently, Bida Jhala who appeared very similar to Maharana Pratap took the Pratap’s royal crown quickly and told Maharana Pratap to escape out from the battlefield.
As Maharana Pratap had to keep continue his campaign against Mughal he escaped out from the battlefield with the fully wounded situation.
Loyal Chetak: The Horse of Pratap:
While riding a horse out from battle Pratap was followed by Mughal troops. Here came an incident of his faithful, loyal horse popularly known as “Chetak”. Chetak was also totally wounded and had one leg with the serious injury.
Even more, Regardless of its own injuries and excruciating pain, Chetak carried away at least 2 miles from the battlefield. Consequently, Chetak crossed a flooded river by jumping over it and saved its master. But, Chetak fell down died due to that extreme step.
So, Maharana Pratap sorrowed as Chetak was his favorite colleague friend from the start of his journey. As a result of a war, Pratap had lived in the hilly area for some time and continued the battle with Mughal by Gorilla Warfare technique.
Dynasty of Maharana Pratap had one secret treasury protector from his ancestors. His name was Bhamasha Kawadiya who protected royal treasury from several generations for such critical situation to recover.
Akabar had some Agenda’s from the battle of Haldighati:
Certainly, Akbar wanted to kill or capture Maharana Pratap. He wanted to capture Udaipur because it came under trading path from Gujarat to Delhi.
Ram Pol of Kumbhalgarh Fort
Ram Pol of Kumbhalgarh Fort By Aryarakshak
Practically, Mughal won the battle at the end, but nothing had come out. As certainly, Akbar’s aim totally destroyed by Maharana Pratap. You probably asked why? As an answer to the first wish I don’t need to tell, right?
Also, Akabar’s wish remained unfulfilled. As in a very short period of time, Maharana Pratap again captured several forts and Udaigarh fort under his control.
Features of Chittorgarh:
i. Due to, Chittorgarh was the capital of Mewar state. This fort made an influence on fertile Mewar land.
ii. Also, this fort has fortified walls around it and it was just impossible to break.