Veerapandiya Kattabomman History

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Information factors Details
Social recognition Freedom Fighter
Reign Ended with his death on October 16, 1799
Born British Raj
Father January 3, 1760
Mother Jagaveera Kattabomman
Successor Arumugathammal
Birth place Panchalankurichi, India
Died October 16, 1799
Death time age 39
Death place Kayathar, India
Wife Jakkammal

Introduction:

The Great Veerapandiya Kattabomman was born at Panchalankurichi on January 3, 1760. He was from southern Indian state Tamil Nadu. He refused to pay taxes therefore, East India company officer named Alan try to invade his fort.

Panchalankurichi Fort
Image Credits: Redmanored

Before I start who was the Veerapandia Kattabomman lets understand what is meant by Polygars:

Palayakarrar or Polygars:

The persons were designated as administrative governors and military chieftains. These persons also called as feudal lords and named as Palayakarrar during the period of Vijaynagar Empire.

In Vijaynagar Empire was at peak at time Maharaj Sri Krishnadevaraya. In this Empire feudal lords had given charge group of villages. These group of villages are called Palayam, therefore the in charge named as Palayakarrar.

Periodically people changed name to Polygars which is easier to pronounce as compared to Palayakarrar. These Polygars are responsible to accumulate taxes from country peoples within certain period of time. They have full control over their region and acts as independent chieftains.

Veerapandiya Kattabomman History:

In 18th century, when East India company started to invade the southern region. Britishers clashed with Polygars. East India company always wanted to control those Polygars and area to collect taxes from their territory. The Kattabomman completely refused the British rule over their region. As a result, Veerapandiya Kattabomman started war against British East India Company which called as “First Polygar War” of 1799.

Kattabomman managed to escaped from the British trap but, later Britishers put reward for whoever bought him. The greedy polygars bewitched for rewards and become ready to betrayed Kattabomman. As a result of the bounty, Pudukottai Raja Ettappan betrayed Kattabomman and get captured.

After captured one of Kattabomman’s associates was Soundara Pandian brutally killed. Soundara Pandian’s head bashed over wall until he died. Second associate Subramania Pillai also hanged and to spread fear in the people, his head display at Panchalankurichi fort. Brother of Kattabomman named Oomaithurai was put to prison. Himself Kattabomman also hanged at place Kayatharu in public on October 16, 1799.

The poligar conflict with East India Company doesn’t end after the death of Kattabomman. As in 1800, Poligars again rebel against the company and the war lasts for a year.

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Stamp in honor of Veerapandiya Kattabomman
Image credits: Author India Post, Government of India, Source: Wikimedia

Featured image credits: Manikandan.J, Source: Wikimedia

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