History of Kempegowda
IdentityRuler and founder of Bengaluru city
BirthJun 27, 1510 CE at Bengaluru
ParentsFather: Vokkaliga Kempananje Gowda
ChildrenSons: Gidde Gowda, Immadi Kempegowda
ReignFor 46 years from 1513 AD to 1559 CE
EducationNear Hesaraghatta village in Aivarukandapura (Aigondapura)
BattlesBattle of Sivaganga
Death1569 CE

Today, I am going to tell you the Kempegowda History in English language. This Biography will be inspiration and enthusiastic for people.

Dalawayis of Mysore Kingdom attacked Savandurga and Dalavayi Devaraja won the place in 1728 along with the palace at Nelapattana.

According to arcgis.com, first evidence of the Bangalore city was found in 9th century. But, KempeGowda (1510–1570) built the mud fort and four watchtowers which decides boundaries of town. So, he recognized as the establisher of the Modern Bangalore city.

CenturyPrevailing name
9th CenturyBengaval-uru (city of guards)
12th CenturyBenda-kaalu-ooru/ Benda-kaalu-uru [town of boiled beans] (By Veera Ballala II)
16th centuryBendakaluru (By KempeGowda I)
18th/19th Century (colonial times)Bengaluru
19th/20th CenturyBangalore

Some great Modern names popular for Bangalore city was: Silicon Valley of India, Biotech capital, Garden City, StartUp City.

Notorious titles to Bangalore city was “Garbage City” which made bad impression among new visitors.

Koramangala was one of the superior destinations and it also developed into a Central Business District (CBD). Above all, it is situated at retail and residential real estate in the city.

Introduction to History of Kempegowda:

KempeGowda’s name was “Nadaprabhu Hiriya Kempegowda.” He was the famous feudal rex under Vijaynagar Kingdom. “Kempananje Gowda” was the father of Kempegowda. His father named Vokkaliga Kempananje Gowda ruled for 70+ years on Yelhankanadu. He was the inheritor of Morasu Gowda clan. He ruled for 46 years from 1513 AD to 1559 CE. Emperor Sri Krishnadevaraya honored him with title “Chikkaraya.”

Image Credits: Shrikanthv

Kempegowda Jayanti:

He was born on day Jun 27, 1510 CE. So every year, his birth anniversary was celebrated in Bengaluru.

Birthplace of KempeGowda- Yelhankanadu:

KempeGowda I was born in a vibrant heritage town named Yelhankanadu. This city had lengthy Historical Background. He worked as a feudatory and head of Yelhankanadu. Town Yelhankanadu located in Karnataka, and it was an integral part of the Vijaynagar Empire.

This city had called “Ilaipakka” during the reign of Cholas and Gangas. Hoysalas rulers changed the name of Ilaipakka to Elahakka. After some period, this city name replaced with Yelhankanadu.

After that, KempeGowda I built the beautiful city of Bengaluru. Subsequently, he shifted his capital from Yelhankanadu to Bengaluru.

Kempegowda accepted the domination of the Vijaynagar Empire but acted as a separate ruler. He would always be eager to help his people. He showed strong leadership skills from his childhood. He took his education for nine years from Aivarukandapura (Aigondapura), a village near Hesaraghatta.

Once, he went for hunting along with his minister Veeranna and Advisor Gidde Gowda. They were going towards Shivanasamudra (near Hesaraghatta) from Yelahanka. Where he got an idea about establishing a large and planned city, he imagined the city with the fort, tanks, cantonment, temples, etc. The town would be the center of various professionals and trades.

Kempegowda tower History:

Image Credits: Swaminathan

After determining the four corners of the town. One of the four towers built by his son called “Gidde Gowda.”

Kempegowda tower has resided on top of a hillock inside Lalbagh. We recommend this place to History Lovers.

Bangalore Fort:

Kempegowda won the Sivaganga territory, which located 48 km (30 miles) from Bengaluru. Later, he acquired the Domlur region. Town of Domlur situated on the road of Banglore city to old Bangalore airport. This dense forest region he has chosen for the building of the fort.

During that time, Achyutharaya was the Emperor of the Vijaynagar Empire. He took necessary imperial permissions from Achyutharaya. After that, he built the massive Bangalore Fort in 1537 CE.

History of Bengaluru:

Besides the IT hub and silicon city, Bengaluru has a lot more things that native people unaware. Likewise, it has a rich historical background and a well-planned town with different Petes. From the city’s name to different areas of traders, there were so many factors that make today’s Bengaluru city. We are going to reveal the unknown aspects of Bengaluru city.

Ancient name of Banglore:

Firstly, at the time of Hoysala rule, Bengaluru city famous for Beans. Therefore, it named “Bendakaaluru” or “Bendakaalooru.” It means “Town of Baked Beans” or “Town of Boiled Beans.”

Oldest metropolitan city:

Bengaluru was one of the oldest among the four metropolitan cities. The town built around 482 years before in 1537 CE.

Boundaries of the Bengaluru:

According to Historical legend, to set the boundaries of the Bengaluru town, KempeGowda had run the four bullock carts in four directions. At the point where those bullock carts stopped, that point considered as the boundary for the city. According to folklore, the race started from the Chick Pete. Surprisingly, after connecting the points, it made a perfect circle.

Traders regions named according to goods sold:

It’s one of the Historical planned cities with various areas for traders. Name for the market region given concerning products sold. There were different regions for rice, bangles, millet, cotton, etc. Respectively the market named Akkipete, Balepete, Ragipete, Aralepete, etc.

Some of the historical called still used and famous for particular goods sold. On the other hand, those regions no longer sell only specific material. Instead, they sold different kinds of materials for more profit in business.

Similar cities like Bengaluru:

Old London city was compared with Bengaluru Pete, as there were many similarities in planning. Ancient London city has markets like Bengaluru Pete milk and Bread Street, Ironmonger Lane, Mason Avenue, etc.

Entry Gates to Bengaluru town:

Bengaluru town has nine gates, similar to the gates of London city. He built the mud fortress in 1537; now, it’s popularly known as Bengaluru fort. Later, Mysuru King Hyder Ali rebuilt that fort with stone and so-called “Stone fort.”

Punishment of Imprisonment from Vijaynagar Emperor:

Due to the envious nature of the neighboring ruler of Channapattanathe. Its ruler Palegar (Polygar), named Jagadevaraya groused to Vijaynagar Emperor. Sadashivaraya was a king under the supervision of Aliya Rama Raya.

Vijaynagar Kempegowda minted coins for his territory without taking imperial permissions from Vijaynagar Emperor. Therefore, he gets punished imprisonment, and after five years, he released by contemporary Vijaynagar ruler. However, After the release, his territories were again awarded to him.

Death of Kempegowda:

He ruled for 56 years from 1513 CE to 1569 CE till his death.

According to Historical records, his elder son named Gidde Gowda, got the legacy of Kempegowda.

Kempegowda Memorials:

KempeGowda International Airport
1.InstitutesKempe Gowda Institute of Physiotherapy, Kempe Gowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Kempe Gowda Residential PU College, Kempe Gowda College of Nursing, etc.
2.Transport ServicesBMTC- Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation as “Kempe Gowda Bus Stop”, BMRCL- Bangalore Metro Rail Corporation Ltd as “Nadaprabhu Kempe Gowda Station”, Bengaluru’s airport named “Kempegowda International Airport”
3.StatuesStatue in the Gangadhareshwara temple of Shivagange, Another one in front of the Corporation office of Bengaluru

After his death in 1609 metal statue of Kempegowda was establish in the Gangadhareshwara temple of Shivagange. Meanwhile, in 1964 CE, another statue of him founded in front of the Corporation office of Bengaluru.

In honor of the establisher of Bengaluru city, Bengaluru’s airport named “Kempegowda International Airport.” Also, Main Bus Stop (BMRCL) and Metro Station (BMTC) named after him as “Kempegowda Bus Stop” and “Nadaprabhu Kempegowda Station.”

Development Authority of Bangalore designed the Layout of the Nadaprabhu Kempegowda. The central Majestic metro station on the Purple Line (Namma Metro) of Namma Metro of Bengaluru renamed in honor of him.

In honor of the founder of the city, there are several Educational institutes named after him. Some of them are as follows:

I hope you like the History of the founder of historical city of Bangalore.

Featured Image Credits: Nvvchar, Source: Wikimedia

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